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This article mainly focused to reveal the legacy of Nawab rule in South Arcot District during medieval period. In Nawab rule, the Cuddalore has known by the name of Islamabad and Villupuram renowned by Bailpur. The viceroys of Mughal emperors who were ruled their territory under the supremacy of Mughals. The Mughals ruled the entire India for sake of invasion and other way of attainment. Some of the Kings accept their paramount with any hesitation. The kings nominated the Governors in the name of Nawabs and Nizams. After the downfall of Mughal rule, especially Aurangzeb dominion, the feudatories and Governors ruled their region by their own. India has been ruled by numerous kings and dynasties, which segregated into three heads; ancient period ruled by Hindu kings, medieval period ruled by Muslim kings, and the Modern period ruled by Christians (Europeans). The South Arcot district has located on the southern part of India, might be important in the history of nawabs. This region played significant place in the growth and development of the Nawab kingdom. The Europeans tried to found a platform in the south Arcot district gradually. The geographical advantages given more benefit to the Europeans and partially benefit to the Nawabs of Arcot. Thus the legacy of nawab rule impacted in the region of South Arcot over the years.
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