Jamal Academic Research Journal : An Interdisciplinary http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj <p align="justify">Jamal Academic Research Journal-An Interdisciplinary (JARJ) is a multidisciplinary journal which extends from basic to applied phases of Language, Arts, Science &amp;Technology and so on.The journal publishes original papers that feature high-quality research data and analysis. From the broad range of subjects. Criteria for publication in JARJ are innovation, individuality, and exceptional quality.</p> <p align="justify">Jamal Academic Research Journal-An Interdisciplinary (JARJ) released its first issue on 2005 as print only journal until 2019.<br />In 2020 onwards it publishing both online and print journal.<br />For readers convenience all printed copies maintained as <a href="http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/Printarchives">print archives</a>.</p> Jamal Mohamed College(Autonomous),Tiruchirappalli. en-US Jamal Academic Research Journal : An Interdisciplinary 0973-0303 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms and conditions</p> <p>1)Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?hl=en&amp;q=http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1506744062638000&amp;usg=AFQjCNHsvBSCxs7rEJ_F6s0PlbWmTy54ng">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;CC BY-NC-ND&nbsp;that allows other to share the work for non-commercial purposes without altering the original content&nbsp;with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> <div>2) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</div> <p>3)Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work&nbsp;</p> Muslims Cultural and Educational Development in Tamil Nadu http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/34 <p>India is a country of unity in diversity, with different customs and cultures followed by the people where all classes live. However Hindus, Muslims, Christians are making their religious and religious advancements. In this, the Muslim people in particular are preserving and reconciling their customs and cultures. Especially Educational Developments for women’s. Before the independence of India, Muslims were an oppressed community. Some Muslim religious leaders were instrumental in the religious development of the people. Various movements appeared in India, for example, the Aligrah Movement in India. This movement was founded in Sir syed Ahmed Khan And The Muhammadan Educational Society in Tamil Nadu. The movement for the growth of education among the Muslim educational activities in Tamil Nadu. The educational attainments of Muslims may be classified into, Elementary Education, Secondary Education, Higher Education and Women's Education. Surah-I-Iqra, is the first revealed version of the Holy Book of Muslims. In this article we will find a summary of Muslim cultures and the educational development of the Muslim in Tamil Nadu population in this article.</p> R. Poorana Chandra Dr. G.Kasthuri Thilagam Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202234 The Guidance of Prophet (Pbuh) to the Universal Unity http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/50 <p>Simplicity, Charity, Social harmony, Equality, Priority to poor, Remarriage, Tolerance and so on are the characteristics of the Prophet (Pbuh). This article explores his life causes to the contemporary Universal Unity, with the reference to Mu.Meth’s “Nayagam Oru Kaviyam”.</p> Dr. S.Sugavaneshwaran Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202250 Ma’bar to Malabar: The Relationship between Kayalpattanam and Northern Kerala http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/29 <p>There exists a close relationship between the Malabar Region of Kerala State and Kayalpattanam, an Islamic Settlement in Tamil Nadu. The ties are historic and has benefited the Malabar, economically, socially and religiously. The present paper explores the relationship between the two regions from a historic perspective<em>.</em></p> P.K Sabeerali Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202229 Biography of Sufi Saint Peer Mohamed Appa as Gleaned from his Tamil Literature http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/51 <p>Peer Mohamed Oliyullah Dargha is named after the Sufi philosopher, and Tamil poet Peer Mohamed Appa, born in Tenkasi of Tirunelveli District and having spent formative years of meditation in the Peermedu of Kerala State, came to Thuckalay and chose to stay permanently. It is now one of the most renowned Sufi pilgrim centers in Kanyakumari, the southernmost district of Tamil Nadu. He was renowned as a poet and philosopher, and made many writings in Tamil. He had a very close relationship with the rulers of Chera dynasty in Travancore. This article plans to bring out his life history from his own literatures.</p> Dr. J Augustin Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202251 Role of Muslims in India’s Freedom Struggle http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/27 <p>Indian Freedom is written in Muslim blood, since their participation in freedom struggle was much more, in proportion to their small percentage of the population.” There are 95300 names of freedom fighters written on India Gate Delhi, out of these 61945 are Muslims which means 65% freedom fighters are Muslims. Muslims were allowed to&nbsp;build mosques, intermarry with Indian women, and very soon an Indian-Arabian community came into being. Early in the 9th century, Muslim missionaries gained a notable convert in the person of the King of Malabar. To break the myth of every person who believes Muslims have given no contribution to India's history, we have tried to come up with a list of&nbsp;11&nbsp;Muslim fighters who fought for India's Independence and are still present somewhere in India's history. “The Musalmans of India are, and have been for many years, a source of chronic danger to the British Power in India. The generations brought up over this narrative believe that either the Indian Muslims were pro-British or aloof from the freedom struggle. In this age of social media, we find people questioning the patriotism of the Indian Muslims based on this false understanding of the freedom struggle.&nbsp;In fact, almost 30% of the total martyrs mentioned in ‘Dictionary of Martyrs of India’s Freedom Struggle (1857-1947)’ launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2019 are Muslims. The unity of Hindus and Muslims in 1857 threatened the British like never before. They resorted to a policy of divide and rule after that. Maulvi Ahmadullah Shah of Faizabad, Fazl-e-Haq of Khairbad, Imdadullah Muhajir Makki of Muzaffarnagar and Azimullah Khan, an associate of Nana Saheb, were propagating the idea of taking up the arms against the colonial rulers among the sepoys and common man for years before the revolt. In Tamil Nadu, Abdul Rahim organized the workers during the 1930s against the oppressive colonial rule. V. M Abdullah, Sharif Brothers, and Abdul Sattar were other prominent Muslim leaders in South India who led nationalist movements and braved torture and imprisonments. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan led Pathans posed a non-violent challenge to the British. In 1930, the British fired upon a crowd protesting against the arrest of Ghaffar Khan at Qissa Khwani Bazar, Peshawar. Hundreds of Pathans laid their lives for the service of the motherland.</p> Mrs.R. Mary Stella Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202227 Four Muslim Icons in the Historical Accounts http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/47 <p>The historical achievements of world's intellectuals are been bring up to the people. M.R.M. Abdur Raheem is the one who considered as the pioneer of writing biographies of Tamil literature and world's Islamic noble scholars. In his historical book of the <strong>“Muslim Samuthaya Sirpikal” </strong>(Architects of Islamic Community) where he precisely analysed the virtues, achievements, social moral values, religious faith, humanity and self-confidence of the four intellectuals, are Allama Muhammad Iqbal, Maulana Muhammad Ali, Syed Ahmad Khan and Jamaluddin Afghani. It was clearly portrayed that the origin and development of&nbsp; Aligarh Muslim University and Jamia Millia, these two educational institutes started for the educational development of Indian Muslims. It is documented here that the Muslims have lived as patriots and gave their breathe to India. The historical events of the four above mentioned intellectuals have been recorded as an inextinguishable beacon on leading the Muslim community. In this Article, it is profoundly expressed that Abdur Raheem who made this book as a remarkable one by giving recent updates consecutively about the four intellectuals.</p> S.Abdul Hakkeem Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202247 National Award for Mat Weavers in Pattamadai http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/25 <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; text-indent: 36.0pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black;">Pattamadai town is located in Tirunelveli Kattabomman District, one of the southern–most districts of Tamil Nadu state in South India. Pattamadai is famous for the fine varieties of mats. This article focuses on the ways in which craft in India is not just about production but equally about performance. It does this through the examination of one of the most coveted of awards within the Indian Craft worlds, the national awards for master crafts persons given by the Government of India every year. Notable residents of this town are recipients of several awards including the National Award, Shilp Guru Award and Tamil Nadu State Award.&nbsp; Ibrahim Beevi was the first recipient of national award in the year 1992 followed by Mr.S. Abdul Kader, who received the National Award in the year 1995 for his craftsmanship and contribution to the development of Cane and Bamboo Mat Weaving Craft. Mr. Rahmathulla received the National Award in 2003 for his outstanding master craftsperson with extraordinary skill in Korai grass mat weaving. Mr. Rahmathulla also received another Indian highest award called Shilp Guru Award in the year 2011.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: #943734;">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black;">Although these people have received many laurels and acclaimed fame their status of living continues to be the same. A few awardees themselves continue to live in rented houses.</span></p> Dr. M.S.A Jafarulla Khan Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202225 ETHICAL LIVING OF THE PEOPLE OF POETRY NAGAIYANDADHI – A STUDY http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/45 <p>India is a multi religious country which consisted lot of religions and having several division on them. The people of India attributed the religions like Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Buddhism and Sowrastirism. The Islam religion, have some unique form of doctrine where the intellectuals glorified in Sufism. On the path, the Sayed Abdul Kathir Sahul Ameed has sacred intellectual born in ayodhya and migrated to Nagoor in Tamil Nadu. Nagoor is located in side of Coromandel Coast in Thanjavur. Then this town might be renowned as sacred town of Muslim, and so many pilgrims have frequently visited the place ever. Also it emerged as the important religious town of Muslims. The Nagaiyandathi has given brief history about the town and sufi. The Nagiyanthathi has clearly explains about the agricultural lands, significance of Nagoor town, Buffalos act, codes of Women, blessing of Abdul kathir, solve the discrepancy&nbsp; of people, solve the problems of evils, to rectify issues of enemies, medicinal remedies, beneficiations of God, Sorrows of peoples, vision of women and tradition and culture. This article has focused to reveal the significance of Nagoor through Nagiyandadhi poetry, and express the life and livelihood of the people.</p> K.Veera Dr. B.Karthikeyan Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202245 Origin and Development of Islamic Education in Tamilnadu: A Historical Perspective http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/23 <p>Education is considered as a most powerful medium for transferring the ideas, ethics and values for every religion. For this purpose it has developed its own education system. In Islam Madrasa education system generally cater the need of education of their future citizens.</p> Dr. S.I.A.Muhammed Yasir Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202223 Muslims and their gifts in historical documents of Tamil Nadu http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/42 <p>Generally the inscriptions are played a vital role in the history of a region. Similarly, the inscriptions found in Tamil Nadu are also mentions about the contributions of Islamic people in the various activities. Such a way, after the settlement of Islamic people in Tamil Nadu, their rulers, officers, merchants and common peoples are made donations to the place of worship, its related ‘Matam’ and welfare of common people. Like that donations are studied in this paper.&nbsp;</p> Dr.R.Santhanam Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202242 Muslims of Coromandel Coast-Society and Economy - A.D.1300-1901 - With Special reference to South Arcot District http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/20 <p>The contact of South India with Islam is much older than that of the north. In 639 A.D. the Muslims traders settled in the Malabar coast.<sup>1 </sup>The <em>Moplahs </em>&nbsp;are the descendants of the Arab merchants and the native women of the western coast. The Muslims of different sects such as <em>Marakkayars, Lebbais and Navayats</em> came from Persia in the eighth century A.D,&nbsp; married the women of the country and&nbsp; settled in India. The Muslims of Coromandel Coast are generally called&nbsp; <em>Chulia </em>or <em>Cholia.</em> The Hindus called them <em>Jonagan </em>or <em>Sonagan.</em> This article is aimed to trace the society and economy of Muslims of Coromandel Coast.</p> Dr. K. Kanniah Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202220 Contribution of Muslims to Tamil Drama Literature http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/43 <p>Muslims have played a major role in the development of drama and contributed to the development of Tamil drama.&nbsp; In 1007 AD, 398 AH, a literary play was composed by Muhammad Ihmadul Hamadani and contributed to the development of Muslim drama. They have developed their artistic talent by composing plays in other states in India. They have created Tamil drama genres like Keerthanai, Palla, Kuram, Kuravanchi, Sindhu, Gummi and story songs with a theatrical tone.&nbsp; The historical message that Muslims have also contributed to the spread of dramas can be learned through electronic media.&nbsp; The purpose of this article is to highlight the historical record that Muslims have made a significant contribution to the art of drama literature.</p> Dr. S. Asic Hameed Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202243 Tamil Muslims in the Gulf-A study on Migration http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/17 <p>The enterprising Muslims of Tamil country were masters of maritime commerce and allied activities right from the inception and spread of Islam&nbsp;&nbsp; from 8-9<sup>th</sup> Centuries C.E., on the east coast of south India. They had also established trade and social network across the seas. Due to economic reasons many migrated to the south east and west Asian countries in search of better opportunities. Such migration continued for centuries in that they were attracted by the new opportunities in the Gulf Countries during the first quarter of 20<sup>th</sup> Century.</p> <p>A number of people right from the labour class to high skilled professionals migrated to these countries. They had brought prosperity to their families and as well to the nations on both sides. There are many successful stories. For achieving this they had been put in to many ordeals,&nbsp;&nbsp; lose, hazards and challenges. But still the migrations continue to the Gulf countries. It is estimated that there are about 3,50,000 migrant (Tamil Muslim) workers in GCC countries. The paper is a discussion on the various aspect on the subject based on authentic data.</p> Dr.J. Raja Mohamad Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202217 Panchikotti or Panchina Muslims community - A Study http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/39 <p>The people of <em>Panchina</em>, nicknamed Panchi Kotti, are slightly different from the Muslims in Tamil Nadu. The Muslims of Tamil Nadu can generally be divided into two major groups namely Tamil-speaking Muslims and Urdu-speaking Muslims. These two groups of people are widespread in all parts of Tamil Nadu. The &nbsp;Panchu Kotti, Muslims are native speakers of the Telugu language. This community is majorly live in regions like Perambalur, Musiri, Lalgudi, Thuraiyur,&nbsp; Rasipuram and&nbsp; Attur. This research articles traces the uniqueness of <em>Panchikotti</em> Muslims.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr. A. Akbar Hussain R. Vigneshkumar Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202239 A Case Study of Hobart Muslim Girls School, Royapettah, Chennai (1873-2023) http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/31 <p>Education is an eye-opener for every woman, to the practical challenges faced by her in society and serves as a weapon to overcome them in a more dignified procedure.&nbsp; Education as the means of empowerment of women can bring about a confident attitudinal change for women in society. In the present communal politics, the education of Muslim women is highly targeted and frequent attempts have been made to further marginalize Muslim women and their education. In the recent past, the Fundamental Rights of Muslims particularly women’s education were curtailed in the name of the <em>Hijab</em> controversy. Though the Indian Constitution provided the Right to Equality, it is not fully practiced. But in the historical past during the colonial period, an attempt was made by the British government to provide education to purdah observing Muslim women in Madras city. Governor of Madras Lord Hobart started a primary school for purdah observing Muslim girls in 1873, considered a milestone in the history of the education of Muslim women. This historical model school for purdah observing Muslim girls exist today and successfully provides education to Muslim women in Chennai. In this paper, an attempt has been made to explore the History of the Hobart Muslim Girls School, Royapettah, Chennai, and the contribution of the school to the socio-cultural development of the Muslim community over the past 150 years.</p> R. Abida Begum Dr. T. Abdul Khadar Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202231 Monotheism in the poems of Kaviko Abdul Rahuman http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/63 <p>Today's human life is full of religious misunderstandings. At their base fights arise and unrest arises. Thus human unity is distorted and love in the human mind has changed into hatred. When there is an understanding between religions there is a theological idea that there is only one God and there are many thousands of names for him. Many poets have written poems in the style of ‘Kaviko Abdul Rahuma’, which explores and clarifies in the minds of the people by their thoughts that ‘God is It is a mistake to say that Islam only proclaims one God. Islamic poets tend to expose to us the philosophical nature of all religions claiming to be monotheistic. Through love’. The Lord is the only one who claims Himself all the time. The purpose of the article is to explore and establish this character.</p> Dr. A. M. Mohammed Harris Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202263 Dravidian Anthropological Elements in Seinanbu Nachiyar Maanmiyam http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/37 <p>Abdul Khader Levvai was a Tamil Poet lived in Srilanka. He wrote many books. Seinanbu Naachiyar Maanmiyam book is one among them. Customs followed by muslims living in Eastern Province of Srilanka are elaborated in this book. This book was written in Tamil Traditional Poetry style. Totally 153 Stanzas are there. It is Classified in two major parts. The relationship of Marriage Should be truthful. But the Selfish people turned it to be trade. The customs followed by the people had an anthropological impact. Dravidian Anthropology is research work done by a renowed Tamil Anthropologist S.Bhakthvatsala Bharathi. This Research Article identifies the Dravidian Anthropological Elements in Seinanbu Nachiyar maanmiyam.</p> Dr. S.A.SYED AHMED FIROZ Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202237 The Legacy of Nawab Rule In South Arcot District- A Study http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/33 <p>This article mainly focused to reveal the legacy of Nawab rule&nbsp; in&nbsp; South Arcot District during medieval period. In Nawab rule, the Cuddalore has known by the name of Islamabad and Villupuram renowned by Bailpur. The viceroys of Mughal emperors who were ruled their territory under the supremacy of Mughals. The Mughals ruled the entire India for sake of invasion and other way of attainment. Some of the Kings accept their paramount with any hesitation. The kings nominated the Governors in the name of Nawabs and Nizams. After the downfall of Mughal rule, especially Aurangzeb dominion, the feudatories and Governors ruled their region by their own. India has been ruled by numerous kings and dynasties, which segregated into three heads; ancient period ruled by Hindu kings, medieval period ruled by Muslim kings, and the Modern period ruled by Christians (Europeans). The South Arcot district has located on the southern part of India, might be important in the history of nawabs. This region played significant place in the growth and development of the Nawab kingdom. The Europeans tried to found a platform in the south Arcot district gradually. The geographical advantages given more benefit to the Europeans and partially benefit to the Nawabs of Arcot. Thus the legacy of nawab rule impacted in the region of South Arcot over the years.</p> J.Pushparaj Dr. Hameed Basha.B Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202233 Viswanathapuram Islamic Wedding Rituals http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/49 <p>Allah has created all His creations with matching pairs.&nbsp; On the basis of this, Allah has created human beings, both male and female, and allowed them to live in desired pairs within both sexes.&nbsp; This relationship between a man and a woman is called marriage.&nbsp; Every town has its own rituals for getting married.&nbsp; This will depend on the region.&nbsp; The purpose of this article is to examine the marriage ceremonies of Viswanathapura Islamists in the Tenkasi district.</p> Dr.V.Malik Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202249 Wakf Administration in Tamil Nadu with Special Reference to MSS Wakf Board College http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/35 <p>‘Wakf’ or <em>habs </em>is an Arabic word which literally means “detention, to prevent, restrain”. In Islamic concept it connotes the tying up of property of a third person. The origin of Wakf is to be sought in the strongly marked impulse to charitable deeds which is characteristics of Islam. The Quran contains no specific provision concerning Wakf, but it abounds injunctions in the matter of charity. Further the Wakf is defined as a permanent dedication of movable or immovable properties for religious, pious or charitable purposes as recognized by Muslim Law, given by philanthropists. The grant is known as <em>mushrut-ul-khidmat</em>, while a person making such dedication is known as <em>Wakif</em>.&nbsp; Historically, the origin of Wakf is traced to the tradition of the Prophet Muhammad. This paper attempts to trace the historical background of Wakf Administration.</p> Mr. A Habibullah Dr.A.Akbar Hussain Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202235 Social reforms of E.V. Ramasamy and Self-respect movement among the muslims of Tamilnadu http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/58 <p>In this article it is aimed to bring out social reforms of E.V. Ramasamy among the Muslims of Tamilnadu and so on. It was not just the Tanjore School of Islamic Thought spearheaded by Dawood Sha, which through print media was clamoring for reforms in the Tamil Muslim society and lashing out at the Ulemas for their indifference to the state of Islam in Tamilnadu. During this period, there began another major movement that contributed in no small measure to the need for reforms in the Tamilnadu society. This movement was known as the Self-respect movement. It was founded in 1925, by E.V.Ramasamy Naicker, a high caste non-Brahmin Hindu, hailing from a wealthy merchant family of Erode in Tamilnadu.</p> Dr. H.K. Sulaiman Khan Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202258 Land Endowment of Nawab Muhammad Ali Wallajah in Tiruchirappalli region with special reference to Christian Frederick Schwartz http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/28 <p>Land possessed great value and the gift of land was a marker of status for the ruler.&nbsp; Land grant were given by the rulers was not only for extend cultivation and agriculture to new areas.&nbsp; They did land grants in order to carry out elaborate rituals, to establish educational institutions, to construct worship places and thus to win the hearts of their subjects. These land endowments which brought social and cultural harmony in the society. This paper traces the donation of land for the oldest Anglican Christ Church was donated by the Nawab of the Carnatic.</p> A.Manuneethi Dr.M.Mohamed Tajdeen Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202228 Islamic Wedding Rituals Visible Through Novels Study http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/48 <p>The rituals that originated as a paradox among the ancient people are transformed into an act of coercion of the religion embodied in the scriptures. The nature of the rituals is multifaceted. Their characteristics vary depending on factors such as the time, place, need, and purpose for which they are performed. When comparing the rituals that take place between cultures even though the rituals of each community have their own characteristics. It is possible to know the commonalities between these. So the purpose of the ritual is to focus on being in all communities may be set. People perform various rituals from birth to death for their prosperity and well-being. These can be called biological rituals. How do Muslims perform the wedding ceremony, one of such life rituals? This article addresses the issue of novels.</p> Dr.S.Ameena Banu Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202248 Muslims’ Education : Role of Madarsa in Muslims Education in India http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/26 <p>In the Arabic language, the word madrasah simply means the same as&nbsp;school&nbsp;does in the English language, whether that is private, public or parochial school, as well as for any primary or secondary school whether Muslim, non-Muslim, or secular. Madrasas generally taught&nbsp;calculation, grammar, poetry, history and above all the Qur'an and sacred law. At a higher level they taught literary subjects and arithmetic. Madrasas have a long and rich history. After the birth of Islam in the seventh century, Muslims who wanted a religious education joined&nbsp;study circles&nbsp;in mosques where teachers provided instruction. Over the next 400 years, additional centers of learning, founded and endowed by rulers, high officials and wealthy members of the community, met in public and private libraries. These were early forms of&nbsp;madrasas. A large population of Muslims in India are receiving education either from Madarsas or from Urdu- medium schools. Madarsa is an Arabic word which means an educational institution. They were never limited to provide only religious education. But this concept has been changed and Madarsas have become the centre of religious education only. Nowadays marginalized Muslim communities are increasingly demanding more quality education from their Madarsas. But most of the Madarsas in India are privately owned and Madarsa leaders may not feel a need to fulfil the community desires. Although Muslim parents are attracted to the safe environment of these schools, they are aware that a purely religious education will not help their children to earn a decent living, because of outdated traditional methods and technique of teaching and learning, with a negative outlook towards modern subjects and also due to lack of innovations, experiments and researches. The main concern of this paper is to find out the contribution of Madarsa education in the empowerment of Muslims and point out the shortcomings of Madarsa education. This paper suggests some remedial measures also to improve the quality of Madarsa education for overall development of Muslim community.</p> Dr.S.Suganthi Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202226 Feminism portrayed in ‘Annal Nabi Perumanar Pillai Tamil’ http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/46 <p>Sangam Literature, Moral literature, Bakthi Literature, Epic Literature, Don temporary Literature are the special features of Tamil, the entire Tamil Literature deals on the four objectives of life such as morality, subjects, pleasure and house. If the literature deals with all the fore objectives. They are called major works and if any of the objective is not dealt in the literature it&nbsp; is called as minor literature. Prophet Mohamed not only preached Islamic principles. He also helped the drug addicts to change and live a peaceful life, encouraged widows remarriage, education for women, equal property rights for women, and&nbsp; equality. He also voiced against female infanticide. There are numerous details regarding feminist values in his literature. This thesis research about those values in details.</p> Dr.S.Punitha Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202246 A Study of Freedom Struggle in Madras Presidency: Nationalist Muslim Press And Nation-Building http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/24 <p style="margin: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; text-indent: 36.0pt;"><span lang="EN-US">The influence of Nationalist Muslim Press and Political literature helped the spread of Indian nationalism in the Madras Presidency between 1914 and 1920. The active propaganda of the Muslim Press and political literature in favour of the national movement and government’s rigid stand against the Muslim press marked a turning point in the political history of the Madras Presidency.</span></p> S. Nazeemunnisa Begum Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202224 The Arrival of Muslims in Tamil Nadu and the Mythology http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/44 <p>There are many Islamic Tamil Literature in Tamil. Umarupulavar is the one who gave a very majestic beginning to the Tamil Charity epic success. His rhetoric is the best proof of his epic success, seera is a historical epic. Umaru’s songs of praise to God are very special. According to the Tamil tradition, Nattu Padalam is the fifth commentary on literature. He has grown coffee and whole grains, trade, horse, horse trade agreement, settlement in Kayalpattanam in Tamil Nadu, Rule in Pandya Nadu as Muslim commander, Literary case of Tamil special Muslim people of Muslim Language, speech, case Amuna languages of the Holy Quran, Birth of Tabi, Marriage, Legendary methods in the Burden of Umaruppulavar, the epic that the paused into the Nazis, Umaru’s Kalinayat and teenpari valachi is immortalized by time. The Tamil – speaking world is vast Tamil had a trade credit with the Arabs long before the spread of Arab civilization. The purpose of this article is to explore the myths of the prophet Muhammad and his family skills.&nbsp;</p> D. Sangeetha Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202244 Communal Representation A True Means of Political Representation To Muslims -A Review on Congress Ministry of Madras Presidency (1937-1939) http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/21 <p>Nomination and communal representation to the ruling councils is an interesting subject to be reviewed in terms of its benefits. Though it has been studied as a means of a policy to divide and rule by the British administration, we find muslim participation in legislative councils was possible only by adopting the concept of communal representation. The period of national movement also witnessed a parallel political demand for representation in the legislatures. This article is an attempt to trace the political representation of Muslims in Madras Presidency and a review of Congress Ministry of Madras Presidency (1937-1939).</p> Dr. S.Z. Niazudeen Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202221 Islam in the History of Tamil Nadu http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/41 <p>Forefathers of Islam – Aim to spread all over the world – Meaning – Sonagar horse trading in Tamilnadu – Aim of Business – Musiri – Arabic Word – Exchange of goods – Overseas trade – To know the all countries of the world – Search the knowledge to go to China – Nabi words – Immigration in Sri Langa – Placement in Tamilnadu for Muslims – Donation – Thiruppullani Inscriptions – Many Muslims were come to Tamilnadu for dissemination of Islam – Respectful for all other religious – Malisul, Alisha – Many muslims lived in Madurai before their arrival – Six villages purchased from Koon Pandian – Donation for the Sulthan Aliyutheen Durgah, Ruled in 12the century in Madurai by Syed Ibrahim – Trichy Nanthavalli – Nagore Kadir Avulia – Sathakkathullah Appa -&nbsp; Disseminators of Isam in Tamilnadu – Islam Months – Speciality of Ramzan month- Five fundamental rules of Islam – Definition – Haj Yathra.</p> R.Brhathambal Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202241 IMPACT OF SUFISM ONTAMIL SOCIETY, CULTURE AND LITERATURE http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/19 <p>South Indian Islam is predominantly influenced by Sufi Movement. The Sufi Movement in Tamil Nadu is a socio-cultural Movement which incorporated the Islamic mysticism and Hindu tradition stands for social harmony, religious tolerance and cultural integration. The spread of Islam in Tamil country was associated with the expansion of maritime trade network. The Arabs established the trade links even before the advent of Islam in Arabia. The Arab traders established their early settlements in the coastal region such as Pulicat, Nagapattinam, Nagore, Kayalpattinam, Kilakkari, Porto Nova and Athiramapattinam. The Muslim settlements were established in coastal region through intermarriage of the native women with the Arab migrants and merchants. These places became the centres of Islamic faith in South India. Through the traders, the companions of Prophet and Sufi saints from Middle East came to these regions to propagate Islamic faith in Tamil Country. The Sufi missionaries and mystic movement had able to convert the local population through their liberal preaching and simple approach. The present study is aimed to trace the impact Sufism on Tamil society, culture and literature.</p> Dr. T.Umar Sadiq Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202219 Theroy of Islamic Short Story: A Research Study http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/40 <p>Islamic Short Story theory is About Short Stories on Social Ideas Social Problems, Soultions and Islamic Values. This Article Examines the above Hypothesis . The Following sub head lines are discussed in the Article such as the Nostalgia of the mature virgins, kindness, the unchanging affection of the step mother, the remarriage of the brides maides, the femininity, the burden of the family, the poverty, things found out, the oppression of workers, poverty and motherhood. Each short story is briefly reviewed taking into account the total page number of the article.</p> N.Amirudeen Dr. S. Shahul Hameed Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202240 Socio-Economic conditions if Tirunelveli District with Special Reference to Tamil Muslims -A Study http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/30 <p>The main aim of this paper is to execute the socio religious and economic conditions of Tirunelveli district since 1947. Tirunelveli district is unique compared with other districts in Tamilnadu it is located at the southern most side of Tamilnadu. It is located 46 km from Thoothukudi, 624 km from Chennai and 153 km from Trivandrum, the capital of Kerala state. Tirunelveli district has five types of lands like kurinji, mullai, marutham, neithal and palai. The&nbsp;district&nbsp;consists&nbsp;of all the five geographical&nbsp;divisions&nbsp;referred&nbsp;to&nbsp;in&nbsp;Tamil literature. The historical background of Tirunelveli is important in the history of Tamil nadu. .<a href="#_edn1" name="_ednref1">[i]</a>&nbsp; The social structure and social conditions of Tirunelveli district differs from other districts.&nbsp; The economic conditions and the cultural conditions of Tirunelveli is different comparing with other districts in Tamilnadu. Tirunelveli has lot of tourist centres. The &nbsp;district have well established educational structure in Tamilnadu. Hence this paper has attempted to evaluate the socio-economic conditions of Tirunelveli</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><a href="#_ednref1" name="_edn1">[i]</a> Samsuddin.A,History of islam,Royal publications,Tirunelveli,1984,p.46-47</p> Dr.T.Umar sadiq1 M.H.Abdul Gaffoor Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202230 The contribution of the founders of Jamal Mohammad College in the India’s freedom struggle http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/38 <p>The ‘national consciousness’ gradually conveyed and developed in India during the British rule due to their policies. The economic, political and social transformation resulted in the domination of all classes of Indian people, thus giving rise to widespread dissatisfaction among the masses. The popular uprisings in different parts of the country strengthened the ‘national consciousness’ in their own way, which was ultimately channelized into a national movement. Muslim leadership contributed enormously to divergent phases of the Indian struggle for independence. They played a larger-than-life role and made significant sacrifices in this struggle for independence. This article focuses the contribution of Jamal Mohamed Sahib and Khaja Mian Rowthar in Indian Freedom Struggle.</p> Dr. M. Mohamed Tajdeen Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202238 The Living Ethics and Duties of Shia Muslims In Poetry On Fikhu Malai http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/32 <p>The people from the world have followed different religions for traditionally or choose by voluntarily. Among them the Islamic religion are placed in second where people attributed from various countries.&nbsp; The religions have some specific divisions like Sunni and Shia. The Shia division has some unique code and ethics and people followed the same. These traditions have exhibited in the form of some sources. On the path, The Bhihu Malai poetry reveals the significance of shia doctrine, and exhibit the codes and ethics of the religion. Bhihu Malai written by Navarathina Kali Kathiru Muhaideen Annaviyar, which posseed 490 songs. These poetry belongs to nineteenth century and given brief description by Kulam Kadhiru Navalar, which published by 1901 A.D., It republished by Haji Sayed Muhammed Annaviyar on 1909 A.D. It has given brief description on ethics of religion,&nbsp; codes, prayer method, living method, Azan (call for prayer), ring wearing method,&nbsp; Zagat, Haj(pilgrimage), eating ethics, business ethics, Marriage system and etc., This books is named Navarathinakavi and given conclusion those who doesn’t follow the religion properly is not a follower of religion. This article has focused to reveal the codes and ethics of Shia Muslims in India especially on Bhihu Malai poet.</p> P. Karthikeyan Dr. B.Karthikeyan Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202232 Madrassa-An Islamic System of Education In Kerala and Tamil Nadu http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/61 <p>Madrassas, apart from imparting religious education, influences the socio-cultural aspect of a person. With an established recognition board, syllabus, Curriculum, and training programme for Madrassa teachers, they have become integral part of the Muslim Community in Kerala and Tamil Nadu. The present paper explains the Madrassa System of Education with special reference to Kerala and Tamil Nadu.</p> Noushad K Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202261 Uniqueness of Muslims of Pallapatti, Karur - A Study http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/36 <p>History is generally written to highlight emperors or countries or civilizations, but at present, history is slightly differ from the theory of national peoples, world peoples and peoples of a particular religion, a particular section of the population, highlighting the inequalities in their achievements, growth and development. . Based on field research, this article explains the Muslims of Karur Pallappatti and their uniqueness, the history, religion and social status based on field observation and interview evidence.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Dr.A.Akbar Hussain Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-11 2022-08-11 3 1 10.46947/jarj31202236 JUSTICE BASHEER AHMED SAYEED A PHILANTHRAPISTS IN EDUCATION FOR MUSLIM WOMEN http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/114 <p>As one of the earliest concerns of mankind education is an essential feature of humanity Education means transmission of knowledge, education is the key factor for development, prosperity and welfare of a society.&nbsp; Muslims are educationally backward in India. It is due to many factors one of them is their aversion to wards western education in the past. In TamilNadu Muslims established a number of educational institutions for the benefit of their community of them the higher educational institution are proportionately greater in number than the primary and secondary institutions. Muslims took greater efforts to establish these educational institutions for women. One among the philanthropists of education for the Muslim women efforts of Justice Basheer Ahmed Sayeed was known as “Sir Syed of the South”.</p> Dr.Farida Gani A Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2022-08-17 2022-08-17 3 1 10.46947/jarj312022114