Jamal Academic Research Journal : An Interdisciplinary http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj <p align="justify">Jamal Academic Research Journal-An Interdisciplinary (JARJ) is a multidisciplinary journal which extends from basic to applied phases of Language, Arts, Science &amp;Technology and so on.The journal publishes original papers that feature high-quality research data and analysis. From the broad range of subjects. Criteria for publication in JARJ are innovation, individuality, and exceptional quality.</p> Jamal Mohamed College(Autonomous),Tiruchirappalli. en-US Jamal Academic Research Journal : An Interdisciplinary 0973-0303 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms and conditions</p> <p>1)Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?hl=en&amp;q=http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1506744062638000&amp;usg=AFQjCNHsvBSCxs7rEJ_F6s0PlbWmTy54ng">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;CC BY-NC-ND&nbsp;that allows other to share the work for non-commercial purposes without altering the original content&nbsp;with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> <div>2) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</div> <p>3)Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work&nbsp;</p> Genetic Transformation using Agrobacterium rhizogenes for the Production of Valuable Anti-Cancer Compound, Withaferin-A from Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/1 <p><em>Withania somnifera</em> (L.) Dunal is an important ayurvedic medicinal plant and its primary bioactive compound, withaferin-A possess several pharmaceutical and therapeutic values ranging from immunomodulation to anti-cancer property. For commercial production of withaferin-A, field grown plant materials have generally been used but the quality and uniformity in the levels of active constituents are highly affected by genotype and environmental conditions. Plant tissue culture methods are best alternative way to enhance commercial production of withaferin-A. In this present study, we summarize our recent findings on characterization and screening of wild accessions of <em>W. somnifera</em> collected from Tamil Nadu state. Further, an improved <em>Agrobacterium rhizogenes </em>mediated hairy root culture system was developed and this system providing an efficient tool attaining better transformation efficiency and useful for commercial <em>in vitro</em> production of withanolides.</p> C.Thilip P. Raja K.Mohamed Rafi K.P.Faizal G.Thiagu A.Aslam A. Shajahan Copyright (c) 2020 Jamal Academic Research Journal : An Interdisciplinary https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-12 2020-08-12 1 1 1 5 10.46947/jarj1120201 Advanced treatment of waste water using microalgae in and around the region of Gengavalli http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/2 <p>The present study illustrates the efficiency of microalgae based treatment system. Treatment of wastewater with microalgae based system have the ability of remove the nutrients( nitrogen , phosphorus and other nutrients ) , heavy metals ,toxic substance (both organic and inorganic) , BOD ,COD and other impurities present in the waste water by using the sunlight, co<sub>2</sub>&nbsp;and impurities like nutrients present in the wastewater. The microalgae also have the ability of the fix the excess carbon dioxide present in the environment and release the oxygen and solve the problem of global warming .According to the various study the nutrients removal efficiency of &nbsp;78- 99% of nitrogen and phosphorus the treatment system also succeed to removal of the 40-65%of COD , BOD and other impurities present in wastewater.&nbsp; The organic and inorganic substance released into the environment as a result of domestic, agricultural and industrial wastewater. The normal primary &amp; secondary treatment process are involved in the treatment. Present investigation focuses on the bioremediation of waste water using microalgae.</p> Dr. P. Vijaya Kumar Dr. S. Ananthakrishnan Copyright (c) 2020 Jamal Academic Research Journal : An Interdisciplinary https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-14 2020-08-14 1 1 6 11 10.46947/jarj1120202 Study growth and characterization of chloride doped potassium dihydrogen orthophosphate crystal http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/4 <p>Potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP) crystal has been doped with chloride to alter its physical and chemical properties.The pure and chloride mixtured KDP was grown by slow evaporation solution growth technique. The X-raydiffractometry (XRD) analys is shows that the crystalline perfection these optimum conditions is extremely good without having any internal structural grain boundaries and mosaic nature. The lattice parameters have been determined for pure KDP and chloride mixtured KDP from the single crystal XRD. The crystals grown by these optimum conditions show positive effects in the various characterization techniques.</p> S. Revathi Copyright (c) 2020 Jamal Academic Research Journal : An Interdisciplinary https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-14 2020-08-14 1 1 12 19 10.46947/jarj1120204 Structural and optical properties of NiO and Mn doped NiO nanparticles http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/3 <p>Ni<sub>1<em>-x</em></sub>Mn<em><sub>x</sub></em>O (<em>x </em>= 0.0 - 0.05) nanoparticles were successfully prepared by precipitation method at room temperature Prepared samples were characterized by structural, optical, microstructure and magnetic properties. X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed that Mn ions substitution of NiO lattice with FCC structure. The average crystalline size found to decrease from 42 to 34 nm. Optical analysis show increase in band from 4 -3.8 eV by strong quantum confinement effect with blue shift in the absorption spectra range of 325 – 290 nm. FTIR spectra confirmed the formation of Ni-Mn-O.</p> C. Thangamani S.Revathi P. Matheswaran K. Pushpanathan Copyright (c) 2020 Jamal Academic Research Journal : An Interdisciplinary https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-14 2020-08-14 1 1 20 30 10.46947/jarj1120203 Customers perference and satisfaction towards reliance- 4 g jio services in Tiruchirappalli district http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/5 <p>A computer network or a data network is a digital telecommunication network. Reliance Jio limited a subsidiary of Reliance industry limited is India’s largest private sector company, which is the most first telecom operator to hold pan India unified license. The company provides all communication services except global mobile personal communication by satellite services. The objective is to identify the customer preference and satisfaction on Reliance Jio sim services in Tiruchirappalli district. Data were collected with the help of survey method through structured questionnaire. After collecting the data from the customers, it was verified and analyzed using percentage, chi-square tests method for the identifying the customer response over reliance jio services. The present study carried out with 250 users of Reliance 4G services.</p> Y. Razeeth Khan Copyright (c) 2020 Jamal Academic Research Journal : An Interdisciplinary https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-14 2020-08-14 1 1 31 37 10.46947/jarj1120205 Williamson-Hall analysis of ZnO and Mg doped ZnO nanoparticles prepared via Psidium guajava leaf extract http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/6 <p>ZnO and Mg doped ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized by green method using <em>Psidium guajava</em> leaf extract. X-ray power diffraction studies confirmed that<strong>, </strong>synthesized nanoparticles were retained the wurtzite hexagonal structure. In addition, the crystallite development in nanostructured ZnO and Mg doped ZnO NPs by X-ray peak broadening analysis. The individual contributions of small crystallite sizes and lattice strain to the peak broadening in pure and Mg doped ZnO NPs were studied using Williamson-Hall (W-H) analysis.</p> L.Umaralikhan M. JAMAL MOHAMED JAFFAR Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-14 2020-08-14 1 1 38 41 10.46947/jarj1120206