Jamal Academic Research Journal : An Interdisciplinary http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj <p align="justify">Jamal Academic Research Journal-An Interdisciplinary (JARJ) is a multidisciplinary journal which extends from basic to applied phases of Language, Arts, Science &amp;Technology and so on.The journal publishes original papers that feature high-quality research data and analysis. From the broad range of subjects. Criteria for publication in JARJ are innovation, individuality, and exceptional quality.</p> <p align="justify">Jamal Academic Research Journal-An Interdisciplinary (JARJ) released its first issue on 2005 as print only journal until 2019.<br />In 2020 onwards it publishing both online and print journal.<br />For readers convenience all printed copies maintained as <a href="http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/Printarchives">print archives</a>.</p> Jamal Mohamed College(Autonomous),Tiruchirappalli. en-US Jamal Academic Research Journal : An Interdisciplinary 0973-0303 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms and conditions</p> <p>1)Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a&nbsp;<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-saferedirecturl="https://www.google.com/url?hl=en&amp;q=http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/&amp;source=gmail&amp;ust=1506744062638000&amp;usg=AFQjCNHsvBSCxs7rEJ_F6s0PlbWmTy54ng">Creative Commons Attribution License</a>&nbsp;CC BY-NC-ND&nbsp;that allows other to share the work for non-commercial purposes without altering the original content&nbsp;with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</p> <div>2) Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</div> <p>3)Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work&nbsp;</p> Ruminating the dilemma between aesthetic pleasure and moral instruction in F. Scott’s The Great Gatsby http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/232 <p>A piece of literature either focuses on aesthetic qualities or emphasizes didactic elements.<br>The aesthetics of a piece are discernible through its vivid imagery and symbolism.<br>Conversely, if a work imparts specific information or moral lessons to readers, it falls into the<br>category of didactic literature. This article centres on the conflict between aesthetic and<br>didactic elements employed in the novel The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald. The novel<br>examines the deterioration of the American dream during the roaring twenties through the<br>lens of Jay Gatsby the protagonist of the novel. F. Scott Fitzgerald portrays the societal<br>dynamics of 1920s America, known as the Jazz Age, where individuals strive for the<br>American Dream, seeking wealth at the expense of complicating their peaceful lives and<br>forsaking ethical principles. In the midst of extravagant gatherings and luxurious living, the<br>book delves into the subjects of love, affluence, and the quest for the elusive American<br>Dream, ultimately uncovering the vulnerability of illusions and the repercussions of<br>unattainable aspirations. The study grubs about the tension between the ideology of culture<br>and moral consequences which impacts the readers perception.</p> S. Nithyaabhirami G. Saraswathi Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Jumpa Lahiri’s Novel The Namkesake In An Diasporic Prespective http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/251 <p>The term “Diaspora” comes from the greek word meaning “Dispersion”. Diasporic literature encompasses stories about those who disperse or scatter away from their homeland. These novels follow characters who try to assimilate life in a new country, who for several reasons leave home and create a new one, sometimes thousands of kilometers from what was known to them. Jumpa Lahiri, a British- American author, through her novel The Namesake refelcts the hardships faced by the protoganist of the novel. She was one of the important writer in writing diasporic novels. Throughtout the novel The Namesake, the readers can able to adapt to the characters emotions which they gothrough in every phase of their life. This novels is of exploring life, love and traditions as the second generation of immigrants.</p> S.Sreeka Dr. S. Suganya Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 War’s Aftermath: Comparative Exploration of Loss and Glorification of War http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/230 <p>Anthem for Doomed Youth by Wilfred Owen and The Solider by Rupert Brook</p> <p>explores the trauma narratives of war poetry. Often in literature war serve as a powerful</p> <p>reflection on the psychological and emotional toll of conflict. Owen a soldier who</p> <p>experienced the horrors of World War I as it employs a gritty point of view were he explores</p> <p>the trauma experienced by soldiers, depicting the harsh realities of war and the impact on the</p> <p>loves of young man whereas in Brooke’s poem he may not directly delve into severity and</p> <p>psychological impact of war. These poems give us a contrasting perspectives of war</p> <p>experience and examining how both the poets have employed their poetic elements. This</p> <p>presentation attributes towards how both the poets have employed their poetic elements. This</p> <p>presentation attributes towards sacrifice and heroism. It sheds light on the nuanced ways were</p> <p>these poems capture the complexities of trauma and the human response to war. Comparing</p> <p>these poems, it serves as a powerful anti- war statements, highlighting the trauma endured by</p> <p>soldiers and questioning the glorification of war.</p> Jerlin Mary Pinheiro.J Dr. Rosy Lidia .S.I Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Realisation of Self In Bharathi Mukherjee’s Novel Jasmine http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/249 <p>Migration studies in Literature helps to understand the struggles and difficulties faced by the immigrant people in an alien land. The very central theme found in migrational studies is the search for the self identity and the crisis to discover their identity as an individual. Bharathi Mukherjee, an Indian American-Canadian writer, in her work Jasmine, portrays the protagonist as the narrative of a youthful Indian lady who encounters identity crisis and a social clash happened in her life . As a diasporic writer, Bharathi Mukherjee imprints the struggles of an immigrant especially women characters who faces turmoils at every stage in their life. The objective of the paper is to bring out, how the protagonist of the novel Jasmine try to assimilate herself into the foreign culture where she gains new independence as she discovers her individual identity and by challenging the people who had discouraged her to watch her reposition the stars in her life. Such a great amount of disarray on the point delivers self-identity which can be abridged as a trouble of finding a settle place for oneself.</p> G.P.Pavithra Dr. S. Suganya Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Exploring the themes of Trauma in the novel The Earthspinner by Anuradha Roy http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/247 <p>Arundhati Roy is a distinguished author, essayist, and activist. She delves into the intricacies of contemporary India by examining social and political issues. Identity, displacement, and the consequences of societal shifts are recurring motifs in her works. Roy's narrative skill intertwines characters with their surroundings, presenting a nuanced outlook on human connections and the changing dynamics of the world. Her novels often explore a range of themes including social and political issues, identity, displacement, and the evolving dynamics of human relationships. Roy's storytelling is known for its intricate character connections and nuanced perspectives on the complexities of contemporary India. The Earthspinner is her recently published work by Roy in 2021 , received the awards in 2022. This article explores the themes and characters of Anuradha Roy’s The Earthspinner, with a specific emphasis on the study of trauma. Some of the Themes are Memories, Displacement and cultural differences this paper explore the strong mind of Anuradha Roy's character in her novels.</p> A. Jennet silvia Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Modern Interpretation of Ancient Myths in Amish Tripathi’s Immortals of Meluha http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/245 <p>This study examines ''The Immortals of Meluha'' by Amish Tripathi in relation to its interpretation of concepts like Gods, legends, caste system, feminism, education, structure of society, architecture, feudal wars, terrorism, friendship and loyality. His novel shows a blend of ancient mythology, fantasy and fiction. The tales from the ancient mythology are retold giving them a modern touch and feel. Many characters like Shiva, Sati, Nandi, Brihaspati etc reappear playing their respective roles which are not so distant from their ancient counterparts.</p> Ganta Nikhil Kumar Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Finding Order in Disability in Mark Haddon's “The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time”. http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/243 <p>The human mind is one of the most complex organs in defining humanity. It is the mind that notonly shapes human behavior but also shapes society as a whole. When the mind works differently from the usual, the behavior and demeanor of the human changes. Though the world views it as disorder, people with such disorders too have order in their life. Disability studies in literature paves the way for us to understand the order in the lives of the disordered. This paper focuses on analyzing the protagonist Christopher's behaviour and demeanor from the novel “The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time” by Mark Haddon. The main aim of the study is to unravel and figure out how the mind of Christopher works. He has a developental disorder called Asperger’s syndrome, where people have difficulties to connect with others socially. Their thinking patterns and demeanor are rigid and repetitive. Mark Haddon’s narrative skillfully navigates through Christopher’s mind and behaviour and helps us expand the limited knowledge that we have towards Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and what living with the condition<br>entails. This novel stands as an exceptional chance to overcome the wrong assumptions and stigmas one has towards autism.</p> Azeena A G D Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Utilisations and Implications of Technology in Education http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/259 <p>Technology is incredibly significant in our lives and greatly facilitates and expedites our jobs. It is the mother of all civilizations, arts, and sciences, and it has undoubtedly impacted the way we live. It also has a significant impact on all aspects of life. The use of educational technology in the classroom is expanding as a result of the change brought about by technology in the field of education. Students from the next generation are prepared to use the latest technologies. Many educators and students are convinced that technology can improve language acquisition. Anywhere, at any moment, they can learn anything. It's a means to promote lifelong learning and knowledge sharing by extending learning beyond the confines of the classroom. The study is an attempt conceptually to investigate the new functions of technology in education. The study demonstrates how the use of new technology fosters learning transformations and enhances learners' capacity for speaking, reading, and writing in their native tongues. Through the use of new technologies in English instruction, the study offers useful solutions to educators and students.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> A.RAJA Dr.Deepak Kumar Shrivastava Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-18 2024-03-18 5 1 The Philosophy of Autobiographical Memory and Collective Memory in Rohinton Mistry’s “Swimming Lessons” http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/241 <p>Diasporic writing depicts the experience of immigrants, the feeling of nostalgia and the quest for identity through different narrative techniques. One such technique is comparing the past experiences with the present. This technique helps the writer to stay connected with his/her homeland. Rohinton Mistry, an Indian- Canadian writer, skilfully delineates the narrator’s feeling of nostalgia and sense of belonging by narrating his past experiences in the short story “Swimming Lessons”. The narrator Kersi Boyce in “Swimming Lessons” describes his childhood days in Firozsha Baag reflecting his connection with the past. Some of his experiences as an immigrant in Canada prompt him to contemplate his cultural and societal roots. Past memories of Kersi Boyce is used as a tool to express the dilemma of acceptance and assimilation. This paper aims to demonstrate the impact of autobiographical memory and collective memory in tracing the experiences of immigrants.</p> Rizwana Sanofar R Dr. S. Azariah Kirubakaran Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Beyond the Broken Dreams: Unveiling Trauma in the American Tapestry of Death of a Salesman http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/237 <p>American literature, a rich tapestry woven with diverse narratives, reflects the complexities of the American experience, exploring themes of aspiration, disillusionment, and resilience. Arthur Miller, a towering figure in American theatre, uses his poignant narratives to mirror societal struggles, particularly evident in Death of a Salesman, a classic that unravels the layers of the American Dream. This paper intricately examines the enduring relevance of traumatic narratives in Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman, with a profound focus on the poignant journey of Willy Loman. Connecting Willy’s struggles to contemporary societal challenges, the research not only dissects the thematic undercurrents of shattered dreams but also sheds light on the complex character of Willy Loman. The analysis reveals how his character embodies the universal human struggle for fulfilment and offers solutions rooted in empathy, resilience, and mental health awareness. By bridging the historical context of the play with present-day issues, the research emphasises the perpetual impact of the American experience and Willy Loman’s role as a symbolic figure in exploring the intricacies of the human condition.</p> M.Sarah Dr.Mary Sandra Quintal Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 The Torment of Confinement and Its Impact on Masculinity: An Analytical Real-Time Case Study with Respect to Emma Donoghue’s Room http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/234 <p>This research paper titled “The Torment of Confinement and Its Impact on&nbsp; Masculinity: An<br>Analytical Real-Time Case Study with Respect to Emma Donoghue’s Room, aims at bringing<br>to light the confined section of persecution to men, while holding an&nbsp; effective comparison<br>with the literary construct of Emma Donoghue’s seminal novel, Room. This paper analyses<br>how both a case study of reality and fictional piece of literature travel the&nbsp;same parallel type<br>of traps, and how trauma is automatically created as a result of each of the&nbsp;two ideologies. It<br>encapsulates the torment of masculine traits that have almost lost the&nbsp;opportunity to be<br>defended upon. And this concept stands best expressed through the novel’s&nbsp;central figure<br>Jack, a little boy, but again a growing up male, who faces a traumatic aftermath&nbsp;from five<br>years of captivity. While choosing to evolve in the emotional mindset of males like&nbsp;him,<br>sometimes injustice done to even brave men can cause silenced suffering within them.&nbsp; These<br>silenced men and their struggle to come out of such trauma, form the corner stones of&nbsp;this<br>research paper. This study deals with both physical and mental imprisonment of Jack as&nbsp;well</p> <p>as harassed men in general, and respects their untold misery, thereby stressing upon the&nbsp;key<br>of equality in justice, and to break the chain of taboo against such cause.</p> Christy Jenifer S Dr. C. R.Sherly Winfred Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Navigating Pain: Individual Trauma in Jhumpa Lahiri’s The Namesake http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/231 <p>Over the last twenty years, Jhumpa Lahiri has become a notable voice in both Indian and<br>American literature, especially with her work The Namesake. Lahiri explores cultural<br>identities, the desire for one&amp;#39;s home country, and the challenges faced by Indians in America.<br>Influenced by her own experiences and family stories, much of her writing reflects her<br>parents&amp;#39; keen observations and their commitment to Indian customs. This paper focuses on<br>the psychological trauma experienced by individuals, especially the character Ashima.<br>Ashima, an expatriate’s cultural displacement, social isolation, and separation from family,<br>personifies the struggles faced by Lahiri&amp;#39;s female protagonists. Lahiri often depicts these<br>women grappling with memories of their homeland and being caught between two worlds. In<br>The Namesake, Ashima vividly portrays this dichotomy, illustrating the psychological<br>trauma, migration, and cultural dislocation between Calcutta and America. This paper aims to<br>unravel the complex layers of psychological trauma faced by Ashima in Lahiri&amp;#39;s narrative<br>novel The Namesake. This phenomenal feeling is a shared experience that enhances the<br>research paper.</p> AARTHI .B Dr. K.Suganthi Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Unveiling Aesthetics and Didacticism: Exploring Artistic discovery in A Portrait of the Artist as A Young Man by James Joyce http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/250 <p>In James Joyce’s A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, the delicate interplay of aesthetics and didacticism emerges as a defining feature. The narrative follows the protagonist Stephen Dedalus, on a tumultuous journey of self-discovery, seamlessly blending James Joyce’s innovative literary techniques with profound philosophical insights. This paper tries to bring out the dynamic relationship between aesthetics and didacticism which invites readers to navigate the intricate layers of artistic expression and intellectual awakening. This presentation underscores Stephen Dedalus’ evolving artistic consciousness, it unveils the nuanced ways of James Joyce which employs language, symbolism, and narrative structure to convey both aesthetic beauty and didactic messages. Simultaneously, it examines the didactic dimensions of the narrative, deciphering the moral and philosophical lessons embedded in Stephen’s journey. Ultimately, this exploration illuminates the symbiotic relationship between aesthetics and didacticism in James Joyce’s masterful portrayal of artistic self-discovery and societal critique.</p> Yasothai.R Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 The Fluidity of Identity Exploring Gender and Sexuality in Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/248 <p>The ‘double colonization’ women faced from both patriarchy and colonialism. Recent studies this abstract delves into the intricate exploring of gender and sexuality in Arundhati Roy’s novel’ ‘The God of Small Things’. The narrative unfolds within the complex socio cultural landscape of Kerala, India, weaving a tapestry of identities that challenge conventional norms. Roy artfully navigates the fluidity of identity, scrutinizing how characters negotiate their gender and sexuality in a society laden with expectations and<br>restrictions. The protagonist, Rahel, and her twin brother Estha, confront the oppressive constructs of caste and gender, highlighting the intersectionality of their struggles. The novel’s narrative structure, alternating between past and present, enhance the portrayal of identity as a dynamic and evolving force. Through vivid storytelling, Roy unveils the intricacies of individual journeys, offering profound insights into the multifaceted nature of identity in the face of societal constraints. ‘The God of Small Things’ stands as a poignant exploring of the profound impact societal norms can have on the fluidity of one’s identity.</p> Ms. Arthi Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Narrative Techniques and Perspectives in Depicting Nationalism and Transnationalism in Khaled Hosseini’s The Kite Runner, And the Mountains Echoed, Sea Prayer and Mohsin Hamid’s Exit West. http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/226 <p>This comparative study explores how narrative techniques and perspectives are employed by<br>Khaled Hosseini in The Kite Runner, And the Mountains Echoed, Sea Prayer and Mohsin<br>Hamid in Exit West to depict nationalism and transnationalism. Hosseini’s intimate<br>storytelling, rooted in Afghan contexts, contrasts with Hamid’s global perspective and<br>magical realism. Examining characters’ journeys, familial ties and the impact of geopolitical<br>events reveal the authors’ distinct approaches. The analysis underscores the influence of<br>narrative choices on conveying the universal themes of identity, belonging and the<br>interconnectedness of human experiences within the realms of nationalism and<br>transnationalism.</p> A. Famitha Banu Dr. M.H. Mohamed Rafiq Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 5 1 The Emotional Connection of Women in the novel Tamas by Bhisham Sahni http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/246 <p>The paper explores the psychological state of women during India's partition as shown in Bhisham Sahni&amp;#39;s Tamas. The study examines how women negotiate the intricacies of identity and agency during the societal upheaval of one of the most turbulent periods in South Asian history, delving into the emotional turbulence, trauma, resilience, and altering gender roles. The story takes place against a backdrop of collective violence and provides a deep understanding of the terror, anxiety, and sadness that women experience when their homes are destroyed and their families are ripped apart. The investigation of the severe trauma and loss that women endured, exposing the psychological wounds caused by the division, forms the core of the analysis.&nbsp; &nbsp; Despite the enormous obstacles, It also highlights the tenacity of women who, in the midst of hardship, show courage and resourcefulness. The study closely examines situations in which women overcome challenges, start anew, and create new identities. The investigation also looks at how society expectations and changing gender roles are portrayed, providing insight into how women manage conventional duties in the context of a shifting socio-political environment.</p> S. Jesline Monica Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Invisible Battles: Emotions and Moral Dilemma in H.G. Wells Masterwork The Invisible Man http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/244 <p>The Invisible Man by H.G. Wells delves into the theme of trauma as it unfolds through the protagonist, Griffin, who undergoes a transformative scientific experiment, rendering him invisible. This metamorphosis instigates profound psychological and emotional challenges, marked by themes of isolation, alienation, and identity loss. Griffin’s invisible state amplifies his struggle, manifesting in violent outbursts and heightened paranoia due to the constant threat of discovery. The narrative serves as an exploration of the trauma inflicted upon an individual grappling with the consequences of unchecked scientific ambition. The invisible condition becomes a metaphor for the isolation and detachment experienced by those who endure psychological trauma. Wells uses Griffin’s plight to underscore the ethical quandaries of scientific experimentation, questioning the boundaries of human knowledge and the potential cost of pursuing advancements without regard for the impact on individuals. The novel, thus, becomes a cautionary tale about the profound and multifaceted trauma that can emerge from the intersection of scientific curiosity and the human condition.</p> J. Jenifer Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Individual Trauma and Inter-generational Trauma in Khaled Hosseini’s A Thousand Splendid Suns http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/242 <p>The aim of this paper presentation is to shed light on the trauma experienced by an individual and intergenerational trauma through Khaled Hosseini’s novel A Thousand Splendid Suns. Critically analyzing the characters in the novel, this research paper unravel the intricate layers of personal suffering and transmission of trauma across generations. Intergenerational trauma can happen when a parent experiences the trauma as a child and the cycle of trauma impacts their parenting. In the novel, both the heroines undergo very distressing or oppressive events and their emotional and behavioral reactions ripple through the generations&nbsp; of the family.&nbsp; Many characters in the novel feel traumatized individually. Especially, the female characters in the novel have become the victims of the violent society. This research paper also highlights how an individual suffers through Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. This traumatic disorder affects the people who have survived through a dangerous event in their life and the recurrence of the event going in their mind makes them feel traumatized. The research concludes by summing up the traumatic events in the novel, which may lead to psychopathological disturbances by affecting the personal and social lives of<br>individuals.</p> APOORVA.S Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 An Open-Ended Imagery: As a Readymade Food of Flash Fiction In Digital Sphere http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/252 <p>In the emergence of digital media proves the strongestexhibition and dissemination of flash fiction. The rhetorical interpretation of the imagery used in flash fiction, which is highly noticeable. The prominent types of flash fiction are six word story, twitterature, mini-saga, sudden fiction and even more(based on word<br>count).Major questions lifted up and talked about in this paper include the style of writing and the impression of micro-fiction in general, specifically investigate the impact of an open-ended imagery used as a tool to communicate and evoke strong emotions in flash fiction, how brief and limited structure claimed spiritedness within active readers of flash fiction, the features of the flash fiction and its other kinds of digital literary texts explored through the point of view of digital rhetoric theory. In particular, this study exhibit, how the open- ended imageries treated as a readymade food for the flash fiction to make it popular.</p> R. Yamuna Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Food - The Replica Of One’s Psyche http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/240 <p>The fields of food studies have broadened to incorporate human gastronomy, culinary history, and the arts and humanities. In literature, food may represent many different things, such as power or social status, emotion, religion, culture, identity, family or relationships, gender, sexuality, wealth, and group identity. Food perception and consumption can be influenced by emotions. Emotions are intricately linked to choices in food, and the cultural ritual of eating, as well as to other emotional and physical repercussions. Emotional eating is a food habit that can be used as a projection of different coping mechanisms for emotions. Additionally, consuming more food under the emotional and psychological stress may be hazardous to one’s health. Studies have shown that both good and negative emotions can have an impact on how much food is consumed and women are more prone to develop eating disorders. In Margaret Atwood’s novel The Edible Woman, we find that the Protagonist develops food aversion because of an unhappy relationship with her fiancé and it worsens her bodily condition as she is one of the victims in a patriarchal society. This paper aims to change the people’s mindset of considering food just as a source of energy and to make them accept that food represents them and their emotions by employing psychological theories.</p> S.Ashifa Barjana Dr. H. Sofia Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Female Supremacy in Rebecca Ross’s The Queen Rising http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/236 <p>This paper deals with the two main features, such as women’s solidarity and empowerment, as portrayed in the novel The Queen’s Rising by Rebecca Ross. The author has conveyed the powerful message that women are great warriors in all fields. This paper clearly shows that the assistance and ability of a woman can bring huge change to society and the world. This paper focuses on a woman’s leadership traits, tenacity, and relief from the social limitations that make her choose her own destiny, where women are discriminated against and provided with fewer opportunities. It also aims to explore how the female characters fight for an equitable society against gender-based restrictions in the fields of power and authority. It gives an insight into how the author interweaves a tale of the ultimate self-discovery of a woman in the kingdom of intrigue, politics and power dynamics. This paper addresses the fact that the unity and collaboration of women in a society can make everything possible, which makes patriarchal dominance kneel before the power of women.</p> S. Hemalatha S. Ramya Niranjani Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Portrayal of women in Bharati Mukherjee’s Jasmine http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/211 <p>The current study attempted to emphasize the concerns about women immigrants worldwide and their representation in the diaspora of India writing. In the diaspora, the<br />majority of women experience various forms of discrimination and are consistently viewed as<br />inferior to their male counterparts. While it is true that women in the diaspora face numerous<br />challenges, they are also speaking out against marginalization, oppression, and oppression of this sort. Because of their strong feminism, Indian diaspora women writers have given<br />immigrant women a voice. This study aims to critically examine the challenges faced by<br />women living in the diaspora and explore several perspectives that aim to combat discriminatory attitudes prevalent in a society dominated by men. This paper will evaluate<br />Bharati Mukherjee's novel Jasmine critically to comprehend the effects of Indian women in a<br />discriminatory environment.</p> B.Yasmin Banu Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 5 1 An analysis of perception aspects in Girish Karnad's play "HAYAVADANA" http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/212 <p>The current study aims to provide light on Karnad&amp;#39;s usage of myth in several plays.<br>Even in this modern day, the word &amp;quot;myth&amp;quot; may remain an obstacle for certain readers. Karnad<br>breathes fresh life into the legendary beings through his modern takes on character<br>development and storytelling, as well as his distinctive approach to bringing his plays&amp;#39;<br>concepts to life. Despite drawing from mythology, personal narratives, and folklore, the<br>themes and styles explored in his plays remain relevant and contemporary. Despite the fact<br>that his plays contain stories about his life, this remains true. Karnad has created characters<br>that make you think about your own life and how you might solve the challenges you&amp;#39;re<br>facing. The viewers or readers of his work will have to make a final call since he has never<br>submitted a whole piece before.</p> V.KALARANJINI Dr.M.KRISHNARAJ Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 5 1 Impacts and Portrayals of the marginalization between the relationship in Patriarchal Society http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/213 <p>This presentation deals with marginalization, which discriminates the capability of a woman<br>due to her gender. The Indian society has faced numerous barriers and often tries to insists that<br>all are equal. India has a central idea of Unity in Diversity. This patriarchal country still<br>relegates a person based on their religion, caste, gender and economic status. This paves the<br>way for inequality, mental traumas, and an unhealthy relationship between male and female.<br>Indian Writings depicts the subjugation and objectification of Indian woman who survives in the<br>society in which the men thought a women is a weaker sex.Numerous writers tries to eradicate<br>this marginalization of a women through their stylistic narration and portrays women<br>predicaments . The prime objective of the present study is to focus on marginalization of women<br>in Indian society as portrayed in the Shashi Deshpande’s novel That Long Silence.</p> Deepthy Sneka. A Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 5 1 Uncovering the Causes of Dalit Prejudice in Meena Kandasamy’s The Gypsy Goddess http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/214 <p>This study examines the novel &amp;quot;The Gypsy Goddess&amp;quot; by Meena Kandasamy, which highlights<br>the Kilvennmani massacre in India in 1968. It aims to raise awareness about the oppression faced<br>by the Dalit community, particularly Dalit women, due to caste prejudices. The research design<br>involves a qualitative analysis of the novel and the experiences of Dalit women who have faced<br>violence and oppression. The findings emphasize the ongoing discrimination and marginalization<br>faced by Dalits, calling for increased awareness and action to address their plight and challenge<br>caste prejudices.</p> M. KEERTHANA Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 5 1 Trauma and the Human Psyche in Joseph Conrad's Heart Of Darkness http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/216 <p>This paper delves into the multifaceted exploration of trauma, colonialism, and the human<br>psyche in Joseph Conrad&amp;#39;s &amp;quot;Heart of Darkness.&amp;quot; By meticulously examining the characters,<br>narrative structure, and symbolic elements, we unravel the layers of darkness embedded in<br>the text. By employing trauma studies as a critical lens, this analysis aims to shed light on the<br>psychological impact of colonialism, the disintegration of the human psyche, and the<br>haunting echoes of historical atrocities. The paper navigates the murky waters of Conrad&amp;#39;s<br>masterpiece, offering insights into the complexities of trauma and its enduring resonance<br>within the heart of darkness. Trauma studies and memory in the novella “Heart of Darkness”<br>explores the psychological and emotional aftermath of traumatic experiences, often delving<br>into the impact on individuals and societies. The novella &amp;quot;Heart of Darkness&amp;quot; unfolds as a<br>profound exploration of the human psyche under the weight of colonial oppression. The<br>narrative, through the protagonist Marlow, becomes a journey into the depths of trauma,<br>unraveling the psychological impact of exploitation and the disintegration of individual and<br>collective identities. Conrad&amp;#39;s evocative prose serves as a poignant canvas for depicting the<br>scars left by imperialism, offering a nuanced perspective on the enduring trauma inflicted<br>upon both the colonizers and the colonized. The novella navigates the shadowy realms of<br>consciousness, revealing the profound and haunting effects of historical atrocities, making<br>&amp;quot;Heart of Darkness&amp;quot; a compelling study of the intricate interplay between literature and the<br>trauma experienced by individuals and societies. This novella also examines the difficulties<br>of the protagonist and the dilemma between his conclusion and his memory. The major<br>conflict that the paper dealt with was the reality of society which differed from the view of<br>the imagination of Marlowe.</p> M.D. PONMALAR Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 5 1 Traumatic narratives in The Road by Cormac McCarthy http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/219 <p>Trauma narratives in The Road explore the psychological effects of trauma on personal and<br>cultural identities. Cormac McCarthy&amp;#39;s language effectively captures the characters&amp;#39; mindset and<br>desolate surroundings, examining the consequences of environmental degradation and the<br>potential for global conflict. Applying trauma theory reveals the characters&amp;#39; psychological trauma<br>and its lasting impact on their well-being. Healing is difficult due to fear, killers, and a harsh<br>environment. The novel also highlights the resilience of parent-child relationships and the power<br>of love in traumatic experiences.The Road emphasizes the profound influence of trauma and the<br>importance of human connection and resilience.</p> P. Keerthana C.Sasikala Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 5 1 Silence Struggles: African American Marginalization in The Help By Kathryn Stockett http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/217 <p>Silence Struggles: African American Marginalization in The Help Be Kathryn Stockett<br>delves into the nuanced portrayal of African American characters in the novel. This analysis<br>securitizes the subtle ways in which the narrative perpetuates historical stereotypes and<br>reinforces the marginalization experienced by black individuals in the racially charged setting of<br>1960s Mississippi. The examination focuses on the character dynamics, exploring the power<br>imbalances and the silent struggles faced by African American maids as they navigate a society<br>steeped in racial inequality. By dissecting the narrative choices and character development, this<br>abstract aims to shed light on the complex in interplay between race, power and representation in<br>‘The Help’, ultimately contributing to a broader conversation about the impact of literature on<br>shaping cultural narratives and perceptions of marginalized communities. Exploring the<br>multifaceted dimensions of African American marginalized in Kathryn stockett’s The Help, this<br>extensive abstract delves into the subtle nuances and overt challenges faced by characters with in<br>the narrative. Analyzing the socio political backdrop, it unveils the intricate layers of silence,<br>resilience and systemic oppression, shedding light on the profound impact of racial dynamics<br>depicted in the novel. Through an in depth examination of characters relationships, societal<br>expectations and personal narratives this abstract aims to illuminate the lasting echoes of silent<br>struggles within the African American community, resonating beyond the pages of Kathryn<br>stockett’s compelling works.</p> Ms.Revathi Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 5 1 Human relationships among the characters in Chetan Bhagat’s Novel “TheThree Mistakes of My Life” http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/218 <p>The entire content of the plot in Three Mistakes of My Life can be abridged in a<br>handful of words like trade, money, catastrophe, riots, religious politics, protocol breaking<br>love, and fascination and to top of all cricket and friendship. Chetan Bhagat has explained<br>the situation of middle class people and small-scale businessman in Indian in the novel.<br>The novel The Three Mistakes of My Life spotlights the various questions of modern<br>Indian society which are bringing in the social integration of India. The novelist Chetan<br>Bhagat in the novel The Three Mistakes of My Life has shown a replica of the communal<br>differences prevailing in the current society and its effects that follow in the modern Indian<br>society. The main characters Govind, Ishaan and Omi, young men of secular mind set were<br>not creating any nuisance in the city. They were busy in saving the life of Ali, the national<br>wealth whose parents were knifed to death by Bittoo mama to take vengeance for the<br>killing of his son Dhiraj in the burning compartment of Sabarmati Express. In taking<br>revenge, Bittoo Mama has become blood thirsty. He hurried with other rioters to kill Ali<br>with his blood red Trishul in one hand and Fire-torch in the other hand. His clothes are<br>stained with blood. Ali is in the care of the three friends. They have hidden Ali in the old<br>building of the bank. Thus the novel witnesses the changing mode of human relationship in<br>the contemporary society. Bhagat has vibrantly depicted diverse shades of present Indian<br>society in all his fictions. Each work of fiction reveals a particular grey area of the<br>society.The entire novel shows the contemporary Indian society, along with human<br>relations</p> S.Swetha Dr.M.Shameem, Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 5 1 A study of trauma in the select novels of Sahar Khalifeh’s The Inheritance and Marjane Satrapi’s Persepolis http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/220 <p>This paper examines the exile existence of an individual in their own land in Sahar Khalifeh&amp;#39;s<br>novel The Inheritance. Fact and fiction coexist as a post-Oslo portrait of life in Ghaza is painted,<br>with a particular emphasis on the lives of four Palestinian women. The limitation on their lives<br>caused by the Israeli occupation is akin to the outmoded social demands on them. Khalifeh<br>condemns both colonial military forces and the similarly oppressive patriarchal rules that<br>Palestinian women are subjected to twice: first as women in patriarchal societies, and then as<br>politically colonised women. The study aims to dissect Khalifeh&amp;#39;s portrayal of political realities<br>and the ways in which they intersect with the characters&amp;#39; personal journeys and Persepolis<br>portrayal of a captivating glimpse into the tumultuous period of the Islamic Revolution in Iran<br>during the late 1970s and early 1980s. The narrative revolves around Marjane, a spirited and<br>modern girl, navigating the profound impact of war, religious extremism, and societal<br>transformations on the Iranian populace, with a particular focus on women. Marjane&amp;#39;s coming-<br>of-age story unfolds against the backdrop of the toppling of the Shah of Iran, the rise of an<br>authoritarian fundamentalist dictatorship, and the tragic Iran-Iraq war.<br>The trauma has been visualized as aiming to unravel the intricate relationship between politics<br>and personal identity in both the novels of Sahar Khalifeh’s The Inheritance and Marjane<br>Satrapi’s Persepolis, shedding light on the broader socio-political landscape of the Palestinian<br>experience and experiences growing up during the Islamic rebellion in Iran and the effects of<br>conflict and religious fundamentalism on Iranians, particularly women.</p> Shivanand Bande Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 5 1 The Role of Society and Family in shaping mindset: A study of Ryu Murakami's Audition http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/215 <p>This research delves into the crucial interplay between physical and mental well-being in a<br>child’s growth and development, emphasising the enduring impact on their psychological<br>health. Drawing from the theories of John Broadus Watson, a notable behaviourist<br>psychologist, the study explores the persistent influence of childhood experiences on an<br>individual’s fears and psyche throughout their lifetime. These theoretical underpinnings guide<br>an analysis of Ryu Murakami’s novel Audition, revealing the intricate relationship between<br>early-life trauma and its repercussions on mental well-being. The narrative follows Asami, a<br>character marked by a traumatic past of abuse, neglect, and betrayal, leading to profound<br>psychological scars that shape her present relationships and decisions. Through a lens of<br>parental responsibility, societal impact, and individual resilience, the paper underscores the<br>critical role of childhood experiences in molding a person’s psychological landscape and<br>advocates for a compassionate approach in fostering a child’s growth.</p> Jegan F Dr. K. Mohamed Umar Farooq Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 5 1 Postcolonial exploration and impact of Pakistan on identity in Kushwant Sing’ S “Train to Pakistan” http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/222 <p>This research delves into the crucial interplay between physical and mental well-being in a child’s growth anddevelopment, emphasising the enduring impact on their psychological health. Drawing from the theories of JohnBroadus Watson, a notable behaviourist psychologist, the study explores the persistent influence of childhoodexperiences on an individual’s fears and psyche throughout their lifetime. These theoretical underpinnings guidean analysis of Ryu Murakami’s novel Audition, revealing the intricate relationship between early-life trauma andits repercussions on mental well-being. The narrative follows Asami, a character marked by a traumatic pastof abuse, neglect, and betrayal, leading to profound psychological scars that shape her present relationshipsand decisions. Through a lens of parental responsibility, societal impact, and individual resilience, the paperunderscores the critical role of childhood experiences in molding a person’s psychological landscape andadvocates for a compassionate approach in fostering a child’s growth.</p> S. Sahaya Anbu Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 5 1 Dealing with Trauma: A study on Vendela Vida’s The Lovers http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/227 <p>Literature teaches people to cope with the complexities of life by portraying how the characters overcome their<br>traumas. This paper is an attempt to study the novel The Lovers by Vendela Vida, primarily focusing on the<br>mental agony of the protagonist, Yvonne. She is a newly widowed old woman who redefines her identity in<br>the aftermath of distressing events that happened in her life. This paper aims to focus not only on the pain of<br>traumatic experiences but also on the ongoing journey of healing and self-discovery. This critical study intends to<br>provide cathartic relief by highlighting human resilience in the face of adversity through the protagonist, Yvonne.<br>Her emotions mirror the fragmented nature of traumatic memory. This study also tries to substantiate that<br>transformation is indispensable to regain a sense of control over one’s life after a traumatic loss.</p> Akila V Dr. S. Ramya Niranjani Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 5 1 Echoes of Marginalization: Exploring The Plight of Leela Benare In Vijay Tendulkar’s Silence! The Court is in Session http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/229 <p><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">Marginalization is the process by which certain individuals or groups are pushed to the fringes or edges of society,</span><br role="presentation"><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">limiting their access to resources, opportunities and decision- making power. It frequently entails institutionalized</span><br role="presentation"><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">exclusion, prejudice, or disregard due to socioeconomic class, race, gender, ethnicity, or other traits. The term</span><br role="presentation"><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">”marginalization of women”; describes the institutionalized political, social, and economic mechanisms that</span><br role="presentation"><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">decrease women’s social status. In order to address these problems, gender equality must be promoted and</span><br role="presentation"><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">cultural traditions that support women’s marginalization must be questioned. The paper presents the biography</span><br role="presentation"><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">of the author Vijay Tendulkar, followed by the critical study of the main character Leela Benare from the novel</span><br role="presentation"><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">Silence! The Court is in Session looking into the lens of marginalization. Vijay Tendulkar, better known as</span><br role="presentation"><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">Tendulkar was an Indian playwright and writer recognized for addressing social concerns. Through his works,he</span><br role="presentation"><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">put light on more general concerns in Indian society by critically examining the difficulties and marginalization</span><br role="presentation"><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">that different people experienced. His play Silence! The Court is in Session, written in 1967, is an intense</span><br role="presentation"><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">investigation of patriarchy, social conventions, and themarginalization of women. The plot is centered on a mock</span><br role="presentation"><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">trial in which the morals of a young lady is called into question, mirroring the biases and prejudices that permeate</span><br role="presentation"><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">society. This paper is an attempt to echo the aspects or agents of women marginalization which include social</span><br role="presentation"><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">class, patriarchy and social conventions. The objective is to illuminate the marginalization and victimization of</span><br role="presentation"><span dir="ltr" role="presentation">women in a legal and social environment by using this play to examine and confront repressive practices</span></p> Ms Beulah Hephzibah Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-15 2024-03-15 5 1 Post-Colonial Perspective Depicted in Dark Ones Poem By Judith Wright http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/254 <p>Judith Arundell Wright was an Australian poet, environmentalist, and advocate for Aboriginal land rights. She lived from May 31, 1915, until June 25, 2000.The Moving Image, Wright's debut poetry collection, was released in 1946 while she was employed as a research worker at the University of Queensland.1976 – Christopher Brennan Award, 1991 – Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry, 1994 – Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission Poetry Award for<br>Collected Poems. She was died in 2000. The &amp;quot;Dark Ones&amp;quot; become guides through the labyrinth of the psyche, urging us to embrace the shadows as integral to our existence. In this poetic odyssey, readers are encouraged to seek beauty in the mysterious, finding solace and revelation in the profound depths of the human soul. &amp;quot;The Dark Ones&amp;quot; stands as an eloquent testament to the transformative power of confronting and embracing the enigma that resides within us all.</p> S. Kavitha Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 The Plight of Immigrants in “Jhumpa Lahiri’s The Lowland” http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/255 <p>The novel <em>The Lowland</em> by Jhumpa Lahiri utilized many disciplines to enhance the Plot of plight of immigrants. The author employs storytelling technique to bring out the Cultural identities, nostalgia, generational issues and beliefs of Indian immigrants living in a foreign country. This research explores the novel’s themes of diaspora, feminist Perspectives, character alienation and assimilation. This paper underscores the diverse characteristics allow for comprehensive analysis<em>. </em>This fiction is a poignant exploration of the intricate bonds between two brothers, Subhash and Udayan, against the backdrop of Socio-political turbulence in post-colonial India. Lahiri skilfully weaves a narrative that spans continents and generation, delving into themes of identity, sacrifice, and the enduring impact of choices. The novel’s deep emotional resonance and rich character development offer a profound reflection on the complexities of family and the inexorable passage of time. This paper focuses on the immigrants suffering and battle in a foreign country and the paper will be exploring the immigrant enduring quest for self-discovering making the fiction a profound exploration of the human experience.</p> KM Rithksha Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 The Pernicious Effects of Societal Perceptions and Stereotypes on a Woman as Portrayed in Circe by Madeline Miller http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/256 <p>In Madeline Miller's "Circe," the plight of women is vividly portrayed through the&nbsp; character Circe, an immortal sorceress. The narrative delves into her struggles against&nbsp; patriarchal oppression and the confines of divine expectations. Circe's journey unfolds as a&nbsp; poignant exploration of female resilience, autonomy, and the quest for identity in a world&nbsp; dominated by gods and heroes. The novel challenges traditional myths, offering a compelling&nbsp; reflection on the enduring struggles faced by women throughout history. Miller's masterful&nbsp; storytelling underscores the universal theme of female empowerment, resonating with&nbsp; contemporary discussions on gender dynamics and the enduring quest for equality. Therefore,&nbsp; this paper aims to unravel the plight of women in the present society due to social stigmas&nbsp; that control the lives of women.</p> Sathyasree .G Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Interrogating Postcolonial Themes in Anuradha Roy's Sleeping on Jupiter: Identity, Power and Agency http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/257 <p>The objective of this abstract, "Journeys Beyond Colonization: Unveiling Postcolonial Perspectives in Sleeping on Jupiter by Anuradha Roy," is to give a summary of the postcolonial themes that are covered in the book. Through her proficient narrative weaving, Anuradha Roy explores the nuances of trauma, identity, and change in culture in the wake of colonization. The story takes place in the made-up seaside town of Jarmuli, which acts as a microcosm for larger post-colonial experiences in India. The characters negotiate the residual impacts of colonialism while adjusting to postcolonial India's changing circumstances. The book offers a sophisticated examination of the postcolonial environment while addressing the cultural and historical context of India. The conflict between tradition and modernity, religious diversity, and the enduring impact of colonial legacies are among the major themes. Roy deftly explores how deeply rooted conventions from the colonial past shape societal expectations, particularly for women. As they navigate between their individual pasts and the shared recollections of a country emerging from colonial rule, the characters serve as vehicles for an examination of the complexities of postcolonial identity. The seaside town itself, which is referred to as a place of pilgrimage, takes on symbolic meaning in relation to spiritual quests and the search for purpose in a postcolonial society. The book takes readers on a deep dive into the postcolonial world, encouraging contemplation on the intricacies of identity, the complex relationship of power relations, and the fortitude of individuals and groups in the face of adversity<em>. </em></p> J. Thirzha Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Metamorphosis of Dostoevsky’s Men: From Innocence to Savagery http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/258 <p>The subject of men's mental and emotional well-being is a crucial aspect that often goes overlooked in the era of flourishing feminism. Literature has long explored the theme of psychological transformation, especially in male characters. During the 19th century, Russia underwent significant changes in social, political, and cultural aspects, resulting in the transformation of the country. One of the significant factors contributing to this transformation was the impact of Western ideologies and philosophies that began to spread in Russia. Men who were exposed to these ideas began to question traditional gender roles and expectations, leading to a redefinition of masculinity. This article aims to study the significance of analyzing the psychological metamorphosis of men through the lens of Fyodor Dostoevsky's male characters. Dostoevsky, an eminent Russian author, is widely acclaimed for his literary works that delve into the complexities of human nature. His novels, such as "Crime and Punishment" and "The Idiot," are notable for their intricate character development, particularly concerning male characters. This article examines two of Dostoevsky's male characters, Rodion Romanovich Raskolnikov from "Crime and Punishment" and Parfyon Semyonovitch Rogozin from "The Idiot" to illustrate how their psychological metamorphosis reflects the influence of societal and cultural context that leads to savagery.</p> Yamini. V Dr. C. Ramya Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Manifestation of Max Weber’s Theory of Power in R.K. Narayan’s The Dark Room http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/270 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Max Weber is a well-known Sociologist whose theories have impacted different fields of knowledge in the modern era. Weber is one of the few writers who recognize the nature of power in social relations. Weber’s definition of power in society has become an interesting area of study for many researchers. The present paper aims at discovering the power relations in R.K.Narayan’s <em>The Dark Room</em> in the light of Weber’s social theory of power.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; When it comes to the perception of power, the concepts of power and domination are closely related. Weber views power as authority and coercion. According to Weber, authoritative power is the act of exercising power which is seen as legitimate because those who are subject to power do so with consent. Coercive power exists when an individual or group has to use force to get what they want – that means you force someone to do something against their wishes. In traditional domination, the basis of power is age-old traditions, long standing beliefs and practices of a society.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; There is no society without power and no one can live outside the relations of power. This research paper concentrates on the interplay of power between the major characters and the minor characters and how the notion of the traditional power or authority is established through the actions and words of the characters in the novel. This paper also traces how some characters of the novel tries to free themselves from the implementation of traditional authority or power. Since power is inseparable from our lives, it is necessary that it must be analysed.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Weber has transformed and almost brought a revolution in the sphere of English Studies by writing on the subjects of power, discourse and knowledge giving it distinct shapes that when contemporary trend in language and literature is to be established, one has to depend on Weber.</p> Dr. Annie Thomas Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-03-17 2024-03-17 5 1 Divulging the Blankets of Feminism with Intersecting Identities in the novel Brick Lane by Monica Ali http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/271 <p>This paper effectuates the specific issue of intersectional feminism where the characters&nbsp; intersect with violence and how fate paves the way for all the female characters to suffer in&nbsp; misery when they try hard to ignore or escape from the current statures that they are facing&nbsp; within their lives where all the sufferings and hurdles are slightly different from one another&nbsp; but they are similar in their suppression that can be either Cognitive or Corporeal. Those&nbsp; sufferings are based on the caste , culture ,race , gender , ethnicity that paves way to Super Patriarchy . All these sufferings are due to the society which made women the mere caresses&nbsp; of the society .However towards the end of the novel, <em>Brick Lane</em>, all the misery that happened&nbsp; has paved way to a new life to all the women who where suppressed.</p> Anabel Cathrene. W Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-05 2024-04-05 5 1 A Critical Study on the Literary Representations of Disability in R.J.Palacio’s Wonder http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/272 <p>Auggie, a twelve-year-old boy born with a genetic disorder, that affects proper growth of his body parts due to a rare craniofacial condition, which occurs in a ratio of 1: 50,000 among the children. This condition may cause severe malformations of the face and will affect its whole structure including, misplaced mouth and jaws, contorted ears and eyes. The protagonist, Auggie suffered from this kind of disorder named Treacher Collins Syndrome. Due to this, he was homeschooled from his birth in New York. As his mom, Isabel Pullman wants him to attend the regular classes in the school, she admitted him in Beecher Prep school. There he feels strange first, and to assist him, his teacher arranged some students to support him and to help him in order to practice him to the school environment. There, Auggie feels uncomfortable, as his own colleagues looked at him differently. Summer, a girl became a friend of him, on observing his characteristics, which are genuine. His own sister, Via feels uncomfortable to be with him and started to see him like others. Auggie’s inner turmoil and his sufferings, his thirst to act as normal, like other children are sketched by Palacio in an exemplary way. After sometime, everyone apologizes their mistakes to Auggie and befriended with him back. The objective of this research paper is to critically analyze, how the disability affects Auggie’s life and how it has been represented by Palacio. This research paper also attempts to create awareness among its readers, regarding the disability and to insists them not to involve in any activity of deriding and treating the disabled persons with contempt.</p> K.Vimalan Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-05 2024-04-05 5 1 Bewilderment of black women and quest for authenticity in Rita Dove's poetries http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/273 <p>Rita Dove is one of the illustrious poet, historian, lyrist, dancer, director, performer, singer, and civil rights activist in the realm of African-American literature. She is best known for her several objective poems.&nbsp; Rita Dove's&nbsp;poetries focus on significantly the recurring themes including racism, familial relationship and journey for an unending quest for identity. Dove has been renowned and well admired as a world class poet for her objective poems. As a child, Dove went through five years of self-imposed silence after she was raped at the age of seven, who was subsequently kicked to death by her uncle. The loss of her voice was a result of the trauma, which made her imagine that her voice could kill. Dove started writing poetry and overcame her trauma. Her poetry thus, played an essential part in the recovery of her voice, which in turn signaled the success of the healing process.</p> <p>Among her volumes of poetry are&nbsp;beginning with&nbsp;<em>Thomas and Beulah</em>&nbsp;and ending with her final memoirs, Dove used clouds as a metaphor to represent Dove's confinement resulting from racism and depression, struggling to escape its fence. Dove's poetry can be placed in the&nbsp;African-American literature&nbsp;tradition of political protest. Their unity underscored one of Dove's central themes: the injustice of racism and how to fight it.&nbsp; In the course of her objective poetry, her views about Black-white relationships changed and she learned to accept different points of view. Dove's theme of identity was established from the beginning of her objective poetry, with the opening lines in&nbsp;<em>Thomas and Beulah</em>, and like other female poets in the late 1960s and early 1970s, she used the memoirs to re-imagine ways of writing about women's lives and identities in a male-dominated society. Her original goal was to write about the lives of Black women in America, but it evolved in her later volumes to document the ups and downs of her life.</p> A. Malarselvi Dr. J. Jayakumar Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-05 2024-04-05 5 1 African culture, racism, slavery, freedom, and equality in the novels of Toni Morrison http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/275 <p>African American literature tends to focus on themes of particular interest on Black people. The role of African Americans within the larger American society and issues such as African American culture, racism, religion, slavery, freedom, and equality. This focus began with the earliest African American writings, such as the slave narrative genre in the early 19th century, and continues through the work of many modern day authors. Another characteristic of African American literature is its strong tradition of incorporating oral poetry into itself. There are many examples of oral poetry in African American culture, including spirituals, African American gospel music, blues and rap. This oral poetry also shows up in the African American tradition of Christian sermons, which Take use of deliberate repetition, cadence and alliteration. All of these examples of oral verse have made their way into African American literature. However, while these characteristics exist on many levels of African American literature, they are not the exclusive definition of the genre. In African literature the themes of Alienation and dispossession are widely accepted one, it should be noted that it emerges as natural consequences of the existential predicament both in intrinsic and extrinsic terms. In order to approach and analyze the treatment of alienation and consequential dispossession in African literature seems worthwhile to understand various nuances of the word alienation. A dictionary of literary terms defined as: “Alienation is the state of being alienated or estranged from something or somebody; it is a condition of the mind”. Encyclopedia Britannica defines alienation as the state of feeling estranged or separated from ones milieu, work, and products of work or self. The English word ‘Alienation’ is derived from the Latin word ‘Alienato’. Alianato is a noun which receives meaning from the verb ‘alien are’ which means to make a thing for others, to snatch, to avoid, to remove etc. In French language Alienate and alienation, are used in the same sense as the English words ‘Alienate and Alienation. Anomie and Anomia are used as Synonyms of Alienation. The use of these words is considered modern. These words are Greek in origin the meaning of ‘Anomia’ is self – alienation and ‘Anomie’ is alienation from society. ‘Anomia’ is an indicator of personal disintegration of man from the society.</p> Dr. J. Jayakumar Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-09 2024-04-09 5 1 Reconstructing Identity: Existential Reflections on Choice and Authenticity in Matt Haig’s The Midnight Library http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/276 <p>Whether through allegory, symbolism, or narrative structure, literature offers a forum for philosophical inquiry, challenging assumptions, expanding worldviews, and fostering empathy and understanding. The noteworthy events of the 20<sup>th</sup> century such as the Jews Holocaust, the Spanish flu epidemic, World Wars, the Publication of Darwin’s <em>Origin of Species</em> etc., instilled a question concerning the purpose of man’s existence. This led to many literary works pertaining to the very concept of Existentialism. <em>The Midnight Library</em> written by Matt Haig paints a philosophical picture of the influence and impact of choices in an individual's life. The paper is explored in an existentialist perspective that underscores the inherent anguish and responsibility that accompany human existence including the anguish of confronting the inherent uncertainty, fragility and ambiguity of existence within the individuals, and the act of feeling responsible for one's choices and their consequences.</p> B. Jaya Lakshmi Dr. S. Sobana Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-09 2024-04-09 5 1 Female voices in Anita Desai’s In Custody http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/277 <p>Anita Desai is one of the best known women writers of Indian fiction in English and she is a feminist writer who portrays women’s desire and struggle for freedom from the social and traditional bondages in the patriarchal society in her novels. She deals with the major themes of her work focusing on isolation, lack of communication, inner struggle, man–woman relationship, and marital discord. This study aims to trace gender equality. Anita Desai has been a strong voice in portraying Indian woman’s life, their struggles against male dominated society. Desai’s<em> In Custody</em> is about searching for identity and meaning in life. The male characters in<em> In Custody</em> are trapped in unsuccessful lives. Anita Desai paints a picture of the status of women in her novels, which is most emphatically represented in her novel <em>In Custody</em>. This pitiful state of women in Indian society is a parameter that almost all women have to&nbsp;live&nbsp;every&nbsp;day.</p> R.P. Kamalisree Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-09 2024-04-09 5 1 Self - discovery of women in Anita Nair’s Ladies Coupe http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/279 <p>Anita Nair is a famous Indian novelist who writes her books in English. She is best known for her novels <em>A Better Man</em>, <em>Mistress</em>, and <em>Lessons in Forgetting</em>. Her novel, <em>Ladies Coupe</em>, examines the experiences of women’s different lifestyles by journey. The main theme of this novel is self-discovery from the subjugation of Indian male-dominated society. Here, Ladies Coupe refers to the reserved ladies’ compartment in the train. Anita Nair’s most novels were written about family, relationships, social position, and gender inequality. In Indian society male is believed to be superior to ladies and overwhelm them. Indian English Fiction is a reflection of society. This paper focuses on women’s suffering and their&nbsp;own&nbsp;identity.</p> S. Lalitha Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-09 2024-04-09 5 1 Gender Identity in Toni Morrison’s Beloved http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/280 <p>This paper aims to explore the search for Gender Identity in Toni Morrison’s novel <em>Beloved</em>. The novel focuses on the African American woman to achieve and reconstruct their Identities in the community of slavery. The book "Beloved" delves into the topic of slavery and struggles faced by women in society. This novel explains two important identifications of women’s existence of slavery and freedom as the main approaches of the ages. The protagonist Sethe life is entangled with slavery. The novel's main theme is Sethe's efforts to liberate her offspring from slavery. She struggles with the haunting memory of her slavery and the retribution Beloved, the ghost of her dead daughter whom she has murdered in order to protect her from the living death&nbsp;of&nbsp;slavery.</p> C. Lavanya Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-09 2024-04-09 5 1 AI in Second Language Learning: Leveraging Automated Writing Assistance Tools for Improving Learners’ Writing Task Assessment http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/281 <p>The progress of advanced technologies and the high computational capacities of brainy machines are intrinsically linked to higher education, where the advent of artificial intelligence (AI) introduces both new opportunities and challenges in the dominion of teaching and learning. The transformative potential of AI is not limited to peripheral applications; it extends to reshaping the core structure of educational institutions. In this context, the focus of this paper is on how AI can enhance the assessment of writing tasks for learners. Notable examples include ChatGPT, Google Bard, ask ai.com, and you.com, which serve as AI writing assistants aiding individuals during and after the writing process. These AI-powered tools have become indispensable for many writers, offering Natural language generation and completion suggestions and text generation capabilities. This is particularly beneficial for students, and the paper aims to explore learners' utilization of such AI-powered writing tools, providing insights and imagine classrooms where AI writing assistants become invaluable learning partners, guiding students, and igniting creativity.</p> Dr. D. Loyola Innaci Dr. P. Helan Jona Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 5 1 Voice of the voiceless: a thematic discourse in Arunthathi Roy’s The God of Small Things http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/282 <p>Indian literature mostly based on variety of themes and concepts. Suffering of the low caste women is one among the most important thematic concern to be discussed.&nbsp; According to the reviewers the prime objective of the study of the novels of Arunthathi Roy is to expose how the Indian novelists have explored the unbearable sufferings of the low caste women in <em>The God of Small Things. </em>&nbsp;The low caste women have mostly hailed from the typical villages in India. The general themes of Roy’s novels focus on exploration of the low caste and down-trodden identity, the condemnation and the celebration of the unique aspects of Indian culture.&nbsp; Among the writers of Indian literature, Arunthathi Roy is an inevitable and significant writer who has projected the sufferings of the low caste women in her&nbsp; well-known novel <em>The God of Small Things</em> and their culture and society in different situations. <em>The God of Small Things</em> make deep study of the inter-relationship of cultural dilemma, caste, gender and class. Roy tried to establish an evolutionary pattern of her own principle. As a writer she succeeds in her attempt to combine political consciousness with aesthetic sensibility.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Most of the reviewers examines about the place of Arunthathi Roy in the literary tradition of Indian women writings and establishes the inter-connectedness of the Cross cultural conflicts. It also emphasis on the survey of the current topics on the novels of Arunthathi Roy discussed here and also pointed out with the ethnicity and self-esteem of Indian women. Roy’s one of the prominent novels, <em>The God of Small Things</em> in which the author has emphasized fully on <em>The God of Small Things</em>. She brings out the overwhelming effects of the standard and the beauty of the dominant culture on the self-image of the Indian female adolescent protagonist Ammu. It explores Roy’s primary focus on the uniqueness of individualism in the Indian society. It also demonstrates the mental pangs and destruction of the hopes of its female protagonists Ammu and Kochamma in <em>The God of Small</em>. The novel deals with the conflict between the native Indian culture and the caste discrimination brought radical changes in the life of the protagonists and other characters. Through this, one can understand the ability and commitment of Arunthathi Roy who has explored the cause-and-effect relationship between the diverse classes in Indian society.</p> M. Sivaprakasam Dr. J. Jayakumar Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-10 2024-04-10 5 1 Transformation of Literature in the Digital World: A View http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/284 <p>Literature is a crucial art form that provides insights into societal norms, cultural ethos, values, beliefs, and traditions. It serves as a means of communication and documentation, preserving knowledge for future generations. However, the internet has disrupted linear, solitary, and closed reading, requiring a reliable communication channel for successful writing. The younger generation is increasingly interested in literature on social media platforms, as e-books can be evaluated on any digital device. However, social media is also impeding the advancement of art and culture. The COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated the need for cybernetic reading, which aims to steer the system to the intended outcome. As technology advances and more writers become available, literature can reach a wider audience, but it can also provoke strong reactions.</p> N. Subramaniyan Dr.N.Asharudeen Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-12 2024-04-12 5 1 Post colonial perspective through Chimamanda Ngozi Adichi’s Purple Hibiscus http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/285 <p>Post – colonial Literature deals with the issues faced by the people after independence. The writers of this genre focused the attention towards the problem of an individual and the society.Major works from the post-colonial writers portrays the sufferings of repressed, alienated, identity crisis etc. Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, a Nigerian writer through her novel <em>PURPLE HIBISCUS</em> explores the concept of an ideal woman irrespective of the nation. Picking up her non – linear writing style, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, portrays clearly the challenges and the tendency of men todehumanise women. The objective of this paper is to address the issue of female subjugation inthe selected novel and how the characters subject to a series of humiliation that leads to aradical approach to gain their freedom.</p> M. Nandhini Dr. S. Suganya Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-12 2024-04-12 5 1 Quest for Racial Equality: A Subaltern perspective in the select novels of Ishmael Reed http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/286 <p>Ishmael Reed is an African American writer. He questions the colonists' imposed conventional accounts of history, culture, and identity. His novels range from the eighteenth century to the present, combining historical events, cowboy myths with modern technology and cultural clutter. He offers alternative perspectives that empower the subalterns, who are the people of color, the poor, the women, and the indigenous. Subalternity is a theme that he explores through various characters, settings, and genres. Subaltern is promoted through colonial palimpsestic practices overwhelming the history of the colonised and ex-colonised nations. His fictions vividly portray the particular social condition of black Americans and describes about VooDoo which in turn became HooDoo, a syncretic religion, in his novels. He argues that VooDoo lies as the base for all religions and its aesthetics as an embodiment of age-old Culture. It undertakes to challenge preconceived absolutes and media-based realities regarding race, religion, and indigenous cultures by reviving the resourcefulness of African American heritage. His novels project the traces of slavery and history of the African American people. The plight of those people leads to subalternity which is nothing but a manifested form, a coterminous practice, called slavery. It witnesses dominance of colonialism. This paper attempts to bring out Quest for Racial Equality: A Subaltern perspective in the select novels of Ishmael Reed.</p> J. Partheban Dr. T. Gangadharan Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-12 2024-04-12 5 1 Identity: Female self through Austen's Emma http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/287 <p>Jane Austen hides her identity, due to prevializing social norms and prejudices against women writers at the time. But she expressed the feelings by her novels. <em>Emma </em>addresses the national identity in the novel by Austen. Everybody else is being married or searching for someone to marry. But the one character is the first woman in the novel who is single in choice. It shows meddle in people's love, live and the flaws. In the present article, we will analyze the way in which Austen designed the character of Emma Woodhouse the strategies that she used to maintain the balance in readers perception and the result of my creative work.</p> R.Abarna Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-12 2024-04-12 5 1 Portrayal of the trauma of a woman through the poem An Introduction by Kamala Das http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/288 <p>Kamala Das was a well-known poet from India. She was a native of Kerala. The&nbsp; primary themes in her works were trauma and memory. Her writings are mostly&nbsp; autobiographical. An introduction is a poem that deals with the personal life experience of&nbsp; Kamala Das. The poem can be analysed through the lens of trauma literature, as it reflects the&nbsp; poet's struggle with societal norms, gender expectations, and the search for identity. The&nbsp; paper interpreting the poem as trauma literature that focus on the exploration of Das's&nbsp; emotional and psychological trauma arising from her confrontation with a conservative&nbsp; society that imposes restrictions on women. The paper delves into the ways the poem&nbsp; portrays the lasting impact of societal constraints on the poet's psyche, emphasizing the&nbsp; emotional wounds inflicted by societal norms and gender roles. Additionally, it can highlight&nbsp; how the poem becomes a medium through which Kamala Das articulates her struggles,&nbsp; attempting to transcend the trauma and find her own voice and identity. Through an&nbsp; examination of language, imagery, and symbolism in the poem, the abstract could explore&nbsp; how Das uses poetic expression as a form of catharsis and resistance against the trauma of&nbsp; societal expectations</p> S. Sherin Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-12 2024-04-12 5 1 The effect of trauma in Shobhan Bantwal’s ‘The Dowry Bride’ http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/289 <p>Trauma Theory and its implications in literature is a versatile area owing to the dynamic nature of trauma and its meaning. Psychological trauma caused by personal, social, or cultural factors, affects and alters an individual’s personality and one’s life. Trauma studies investigate the effect and impact of trauma and its interpretation in literature and in society. It analyses trauma based on its psychological, social, and cultural significance. Trauma was earlier considered as a post-war effect. Nevertheless, with a variety of individual and cultural factors that change over time and with the values attached to it, trauma is that which causes disruption and reorientation of a person’s psyche and personality. The present paper studies trauma as an individual predicament that has long-term effects on a person’s mental health. The paper examines the trauma experienced by Megha, the central character of Shobhan Bantwal’s <em>The Dowry Bride,</em> in the wake of a murder attempt on her by her mother-in-law and her husband. Shobhan Bantwal, an American author of Indian origin, deals in her <em>The Dowry Bride</em> with gender disparities and dowry abuse that still prevail in India. The paper also analyses the enormous psychological suffering Indian brides endure through domestic violence and harassment for dowry.</p> M.Vennila Dr.M.Rajaram Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-12 2024-04-12 5 1 Allocation – A reason for misconducting others http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/290 <p>Marginalization, also called social marginalization, occurs when a person or groups of people are less able to do things or access basic services or opportunities.&nbsp; The very universal theme found in the concept of marginalization is to bring forth of discrimination, brutality and the ostracisation by rectifying this situation slowly by depicting the nuances of marginalized society.&nbsp; Vijay Dondopant Tendulkar, an Indian Playwright, through Kanyadaan portrays the other hidden side of Dalit’s mental state of mind. As a genuine perceiver, Vijay Tendulkar provides a deep insight to his readers eyes of a social problem that continues to evade easy solutions.&nbsp; The objective of this paper is to provide the readers that though the difficulties suppressing the woman, yet she stand for the welfare of the future generations and also subjects the reason of mistreating a person which was evident through Vijay Tendulkar’s work.</p> S. R. Makhima Dr. S. Suganya Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 5 1 Liberating the Rhetorics Stylistic Analysis of "The Taming of The Women" http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/291 <p style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-indent: 39.15pt; line-height: 200%; margin: 28.15pt 0cm 0cm .05pt;"><span style="color: black;">Rhetoric has its origin in Mesopotomia. As the first named author in history, Enheduanna’s writing exhibits numerous rhetorical features. Rhetorics and Dialectics have become the part of stylistic study. It is a way of speaking or writing that is intended to impress or influence people. It began 2500 yrs ago; it has since evolved a rich and diverse body of research text pedagogies. We try to influence our readers through speaking and writing. In order to persuade their readers’ writers must use three types of proofs or rhetorical appeals. They are logos or logical appeal pathos or emotional appeal and ethos or ethical appeal. Liberating the rhetoric as we saw feeling free to use the rhetorics in English language and literature.&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-indent: 36.05pt; line-height: 200%; margin: 11.4pt 0cm 0cm .1pt;"><span style="color: black;">Marginalisation themes in literature depend on misuse, miseries, torments and enduring at the primary Level. Literature of marginality is the literature deals with the marginalised class of the world who are kept aside for basic fundamental rights to take part in social, religious, cultural, political, educational and economic spheres of their lives and they are alienated from the general public. The novel I have taken for presentation is “The taming of women” by P.Sivakami in which it explains the oppression in the name of women and that too women who was born in&nbsp; dalit community. They undergo suffering in their life as it should happen and it is necessary to undergo as a woman. It is the second novel of the author. Her way of writing style and dialect she used is totally unique as it grabs the attention of the readers.&nbsp;</span></p> V.Abirami Dr.P.Mangayarkarasi Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 5 1 Forbidden indulgence and tragic moment in Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/292 <p>This paper deals with the novel “The God of Small Things” by Arundhati Roy, it was a deeply &nbsp;&nbsp;reminiscent novel that approach issues of marginalization, gender and sexuality.&nbsp; Thestory set in Kerala, India it focuses Rahel and Estha, who directs a society that enforces strongly sexual norms and gender roles. Roy portrays masterfully marginalisation character faced by Ammu, she is independent woman excluded for her choices of love. An untouchable discrimination experiences faced by Velutha due to his social status. By their experiences, Roy challenges ruinous consequences of social stratification, rigid gender and societal norms.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; In “The God of Small Things” by Arundhati Roy, the author says a momentous narrative point of view and this novel have emotions and themes of complex. Roy uses first person and third person narration. Roy explores multi experiences of her characters in the novel. And author portrays the political landscape of kerala, in India.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; This novel primarily opens with twins Rahel and Estha, by this we can see their childhood and adulthood. The lives of the traumatic events were shaped in this novel. Roy focuses first person perspective on twins and author allows the readers to connect with their feelings, thoughts and memories. we experience with their innocent voices, with their fears, confusion and the suppressed desires in the gender and sexuality.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Byravi P.B B. Sumaiya Banu Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-15 2024-04-15 5 1 Psychological trauma in Half of a Yellow Sun http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/293 <p>This novel traumatized and victimized the results of war and the domestic abuse. It tells&nbsp; About the impacts of Igbo gender performance also the domestic sphere. The Nigerian&nbsp; patriarchal Society who restricts the inner longing for her freedom. She asks Kano to meet&nbsp; her relatives and To lives with Odenigbo. This concludes the exploration of cultural and&nbsp; mortality and it is Necessary to initiate the healing process for the individual one. It is the&nbsp; survey for analyze the Way of coping the situation.&nbsp;</p> P.Gopika S.Saheetha Banu Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-15 2024-04-15 5 1 Exploring Gender Identity, Sisterhood, and Black Feminism in Alice Walker's "The Color Purple" http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/294 <p>Alice Walker's novel "The Color Purple" and its significance in contemporary literature Alice Walker is an American writer famous for her insightful portrayal of African American life and culture. Her most notable novel is “The Color Purple “(1982), particularly focused on black feminism. Walker masterfully illustrates the ways in which gender oppression and racial discrimination occur. This book touches on several themes: faith, race, sexuality, and the different kinds of brutality that was faced by black women in the South. The thesis explores the ways in which "The Color Purple" articulates a vision of liberation and self-affirmation for black feminism. By examining gender identity, sisterhood, and black feminism in "The Color Purple," this thesis aims to contribute to the scholarly discourse on Alice Walker's work and its enduring relevance in contemporary discussions on gender, race, and social justice.</p> Liyona.A Nisha.K Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-15 2024-04-15 5 1 Trauma Narratives and role as mother in Emma Donoghue’s Room http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/295 <p>This Novel analyses the struggle of women against violence, and it was written by Emma&nbsp; Donoghue in 2010. It includes the theory of existence of women and theory of violence. The&nbsp; factors that cause the violence are structural violence and cultural violence. Emma used the&nbsp; documentation method for data analysis. The first form of violence was faced by the&nbsp; main character of the novel, including sexual abuse, rape, and kidnapping. The second&nbsp; form related to the feminist movement and examines how people are aware of this world .&nbsp; This study portrays how Ma, the female protagonist, manages her dual role as a mother of a five- year-old Jack. They were compelled to live inside a constricting room set up by Nick, the&nbsp; antagonist. This novel centres on how the mother defined her motherly love while living in a&nbsp; small room. Ma lives in an 11x11 room, representing Nick's authority. Ma has successfully&nbsp; fulfilled her role as a mother by providing her son with all his physical needs, like nutritious&nbsp; food, and maintaining his cognitive development.</p> S.Thameem B.Jarina Begam Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-15 2024-04-15 5 1 Impact of Childhood Trauma on Individuals with Disabilities in Paolo Giordano's The Solitude of Prime Numbers http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/296 <p>People with disabilities are often considered as deviants rather than inmates by society.&nbsp; They encounter a wide range of challenges and barriers like social stigma, discrimination, negative attitudes and limited accessibility which make them feel disconnected and hinder their capacity to engage fully in society. People usually view them as beneficiaries of charity, healthcare and social protection. In Paolo Giordano’s <em>The Solitude of Prime Numbers</em> (2008) the protagonists Alice and Mattia navigate the challenging transition from childhood to adulthood marked by traumatic experiences and emotional impairment. Focusing on characters with physical and cognitive disabilities this paper examines how childhood and early adulthood traumas persist into later life. The novel known for its themes of trauma and loneliness sheds light on the enduring impact of disability-related experiences.</p> B. Rashma Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 5 1 Tribulations Faced by the Women Characters: A Post Colonial Study of Kathryn Stockett’s The Help http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/297 <p>The postcolonial analysis explores the challenges faced by women characters in Kathryn Stockett’s <em>The Help </em>within the racially stratified 1960s Mississippi. Stockett, an American novelist portrays the plight of African-American maids, notably Aibileen Clark and Minny Jackson, confronting systemic oppression.&nbsp; The narrative revolves around Skeeter, a white woman attempting to expose the hardships faced by black&nbsp; maids, highlighting the pervasive racial and gender inequalities of the era. The paper examines the&nbsp; accurate depiction of the historical context, emphasizing the abuse and denial of opportunities for black&nbsp; women. Examining oppression through a postcolonial view, the study delineates cultural imperialism’s&nbsp; impact, revealing the compounded challenges faced by black maids in comparison to their white&nbsp; counterparts.</p> Kavinila S A. Sumaiya Shaheedha Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 5 1 A study of alienation in Taslima Nasrin’s select poems http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/298 <p>The theme of Alienation is discussed in literature by various forms. Alienation forms the subject of many psychological, sociological, literary and philosophical studies. It plays a major role in human condition in the contemporary epoch. This paper is focused on the psychological alienation of Taslima Nasrin’s select poems in ‘<em>BURNING ROSES IN MY GARDEN</em>’. This research paper explores Nasrin’s exile experience, particularly her journey to the United States and later to UK, as portrayed in chapter 93-97 of “<em>BURNING ROSES IN MY GARDEN</em>”. It delves into her decision to leave her homeland, the mode of communication through letters to her mother, her departure, the loneliness what she experienced in post-emigration, and the subsequent self-discovery. The narrative also touches upon a pivotal moment of the patriarchal society and its people come to terms with the reality of her situation. Throughout the collection, Nasrin uses her poems to uncover the truth and depict society’s reaction to her words and works. Some poems are written during her forced confinement in Delhi from November 22-2007 to March 19, 2008. It is to examine the insights of the select poems of poetry collection of “<em>BURNING ROSES IN</em> <em>MY GARDEN”</em> and try to illuminate Nasrin’s exile and the societal responses to her provocative expressions.</p> Abdu Rahoof Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 5 1 A Study of Toni Morrison's Beloved as a Trauma Narrative http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/299 <p>American novelist Chloe Anthony Wofford Morrison (1931–2019) was a significant figure. Morrison made a major literary contribution to African Americans. Ohio's Lorain is where she was born.The Bluest Eye,Paradise are among her compositions. In her 1987 book <em>Beloved </em>She discusses trauma and enslavement. In <em>Beloved</em>, the mother-child bond and the Enslavement of the human psyche is highlighted. Morrison expresses violence, terror, and murder. Trauma, both psychological and physical, is projected. Journey from Africa serves as proof of the brutality of slavery, which has endured for many years. Morrison addresses the harshest aspects of slavery in this book, focusing on the difficulties of infanticide and the misery of Specific individuals. The work emphasises Trauma and social ,cultural aspects of life, as well as persecution and discrimination.<em> Beloved </em>examines the destruction, physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual that befalls the characters in the narrative.</p> Jumana Haseen.M C. Sasikala Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 5 1 Pangs of widowhood in Water by Bapsi Sidhwa http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/301 <p>This paper deals the theme of marginalization, in the novel “Water” by Bapsi Sidhwa, focusing on the difficulty of widows in Indian society during the 1930. The main theme in “Water” is gender-based marginalization. The novel explain about a secluded widows ashram located in Varanasi and they are restricted to their own freedom Sidhwa portrays the widows as victims of imperious control highlight the marginalization due to the gender. Another marginalization explored in the novel is religious and cultural marginalization. This makes the widows to follow the religious practices strictly and it separated them from the society of common people. Sidhwa portrayed the financial dependency of the widows by the visitors of Varanasi. They have no means to make themselves as a independent people. Sidhwa shows the contrast between the widows from poor and rich. In overall this paper presentation explore the themes of gender- based, religious and cultural in Bapsi Sidhwa novel “Water”.&nbsp;</p> Rifa Fathima. M Mymoona Parveen. K.S Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 5 1 Viewing racial discrimination in Kathryn Stockett’s novel The Help through Postcolonial Lens http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/302 <p>This study provides a spotlight on racial prejudice and discrimination through postcolonial perspective with the lens of changing trends. In the novel " The Help " Kathryn Stockett reflected on the life aspects of multicultural South American society. Though the black maids and white people are living under the same roof, the postcolonial element of white people’s superiority is expressed by the characters like Hilly Holbrook, Elizabeth Leefolt.&nbsp; Aibileen Clark, Skeeter and Minny Jackson are characters that changed the trend by bravely exposing their struggles of racial segregation and inequality by publishing a book " The help " at the stake of risking their lives. This made crystal clear that if the differences are not appreciated and accepted, the social gap between different races will create social deviation in the society and that can lead to extreme discriminations among people.</p> J Sahana Fathima P. Johanna Jenifer Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 5 1 Immigrant Woman’s Self-Discovery in Bharathi Mukherjee’s Desirable Daughters http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/303 <p>Bharati Mukherjee (1940–2017) was an influential Indian-American author and academic, who significantly contributed to diasporic literature. She was born in Kolkata, India, her works including <em>Jasmine</em> and <em>The Middleman and Other Stories</em> reflect her exploration of cultural identity, immigration, and the evolving roles of women. Her novel <em>Desirable</em> <em>Daughter</em> (2002) addresses the immigrant concept of South Asians into the United States of America. The clash of traditional and the Western lifestyle of two different places is brought out perceptively in the story. This novel highlights the conflict between tradition and modern culture of diaspora. She has enlightened diasporic issues in her novel. The protagonist of the novel, Thara is an Indian immigrant who faces difficulty in America for acculturation. The sore of separation makes disorientation of Thara who immigrated to an alien land and finally, she discovers her terms in Indian tradition and rituals.</p> S. Shabana J. Benazir Begum Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-16 2024-04-16 5 1 The Consequences of Impairment and Depression Mirrored in Jojo Moyes Me Before You http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/304 <p>This research article intends to project the Consequences of disability and depression represented in Jojo Moyes <em>Me Before You</em>. The subject matter of this study is based on the impairment and depression of Will Traynor. <em>Me Before You</em> is written by Jojo Moyes, who is an English Journalist, screenwriter and a winner of many prestigious awards. Jojo Moyes' writings have been translated into twenty-eight languages and sold more than 40 million copies worldwide.<em> Me Before You </em>demonstrates how the perception of handicap is that of a personal tragedy or a brave person overcoming adversity. It illustrates the ways in which the disabled are marginalized in society. As the main character, he begins to withdraw himself and feel alone after the accident, which leaves him powerless. &nbsp;He thinks that his life is going to end and he decided to put a full stop to that. This paper aims to give a clear analysis of the consequences of impairment and depression in the life of the protagonist Will Traynor and his approach towards his disability<em>.</em></p> B.Jarina Begam Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-17 2024-04-17 5 1 An Examination of Slavery in Toni Morison's Beloved http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/305 <p>During the nineteenth century, there was a rise in the popularity of black literature, with a large portion of it being focused on slave narratives. These narratives detailed the actual experiences of slaves who managed to escape to free states or countries. It was predominantly white abolitionists who published these stories, aiming to enlighten white readers about the horrors of slavery. Toni Morrison, a black African American novelist from the twentieth century, also delved into the history of African Americans, reaching back to the early nineteenth century. Notable examples of this mission include the diaries of Harriet Jacobson and Frederick Turner.</p> T. Durgadevi Sumaiya shaheetha Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-17 2024-04-17 5 1 The dynamics of power and desire: gender and sexuality of Alice Walker The color purple http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/306 <p>The Color Purple by Alice Walker is a fascinating novel that speaks about the complex themes of gender and sexuality .The novel was written in early 20<sup>th</sup> century south and tell the story of Celie who is a young 14 years girl ,ugly ,black African girl .Who faced various hardships from her childhood and at last found empowerment and self – discovery .The aim of this novel is to explore the representation of gender&amp; sexuality focusing in the themes of domestic violence , sexual abuse and about the lesbian relationship .This novel highlights the struggles focused by women of color in a patriarchal society . Ultimately, this novel aims to contribute to the understanding of how the color purple address crucial issues of gender and sexuality, through is thought provoking themes .</p> R Gulnaash K . Shakila Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-17 2024-04-17 5 1 Exploring Socio-Economic Disparities and Power Dynamics in Aravind Adiga's 'White Tiger': A Critical Analysis http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/307 <p>This paper, titled "Exploring Socio-Economic Disparities and Power Dynamics in Aravind Adiga's <em>'White Tiger'</em>: A Critical Analysis" delves into issues faced by marginalized groups in Indian society, including caste disparities, prostitution, cultural clashes, dowry practices, economic status, the zamindari system, poverty, and a corrupt educational system. The focus is on how Aravind Adiga, through narrator Balram Halwai, voices opposition against corruption, advocating for the oppressed in India. The narrative emphasizes Balram's journey in overcoming societal challenges to become a successful entrepreneur, portraying him as a catalyst for change. Referred to as the "white tiger" in the novel, Balram symbolizes breaking free from societal constraints, transforming his life from darkness to light.</p> Muhammed Swalih C.V Dr. M. Mohamed Anwar Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-17 2024-04-17 5 1 Suppression of gender and sexuality in the novel “A Thousand Splendid Suns” By Khaled Hosseini http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/308 <p>The theme of gender and sexuality has become an important concept in literature. Both&nbsp; gender and sexuality are complex and multifaceted aspects of human experience that can vary&nbsp; across cultures and individuals. In the novel, A Thousand Splendid Suns, Khaled Hosseini&nbsp; sparked a significant conversation about gender and sexuality. In the bestselling novel that&nbsp; hunted the heart of the readers, Hosseini describes the relationship between mother and daughter.&nbsp; A particular female character has lived all over the pages of the book, which is based on the role&nbsp; of women in Afghan society. People with rugged clothes, begging their children for plenty of&nbsp; food. The novel sketches two women character that differs from each other’s life</p> Nasneen A Yasmin Banu B Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-17 2024-04-17 5 1 Humane Artificial Intelligence In Kazuo Ishiguro’s “Klara And The Sun” http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/309 <p>Science fiction is the genre of modern speculative fiction that deals with techno-scientific&nbsp; changes and developments in the society where the sources are taken from the real world&nbsp; scientific innovations. It was introduced by the English novelist Mary Wollstonecraft&nbsp; Shelley in 1818 that specializes the interconnectedness of literature between science and&nbsp; technology by exploring the themes of quest for knowledge and fanatical ambition. The&nbsp; philosophical literary theory of Posthumanism emphasizes the presence of non-human&nbsp; entities like cyborgs or superhumans or artificial intelligence by describing the condition&nbsp; of our present and future world with the convergence of humans and technology. Kazuo&nbsp; Ishiguro focuses the futuristic world by emphasizing how artificially intelligent and solar&nbsp; powered humanoid provides an exemplary companionship to the genetically modified&nbsp; children in his captivating novel, <em>“Klara And The Sun”</em>. This thesis critically examines the&nbsp; humanistic emotions and qualities of AI that is beneficial to the healthcare industry and&nbsp; how AI appreciate nature more than the humans eventhough they are the product of&nbsp; industrialized human society.&nbsp;</p> S.Shameha Siminaash S. Saheetha Banu Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-17 2024-04-17 5 1 Thematic Analysis of H.G. Wells’ “The Time Machine” http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/310 <p>H.G. Wells’ book “<em>The Time Machine</em>” talks about how societies can fall apart and the differences between rich and poor, which were big issues during the Victorian era when people were starting to understand evolution. Degeneration means societies getting worse and social inequality is when some people are rich and others are poor. This research looks at how the side stories in the book, like the dinner parties, show people’s reactions to the main character’s adventure into a future where things have gone bad. Each person at the party, like the Mayor, the Young Man, and the Editor, has their own reasons for not wanting to believe in time travel. They’re afraid because it means accepting a future that’s not as good as their own time. By ignoring the evidence of time travel, they’re actually pushing themselves toward the bad future they fear. So, the book is a warning about not being open to new ideas.</p> K. Vetrivel M. Mohamed Habeeb Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-17 2024-04-17 5 1 Echoes of Destiny: Unveiling Adolf Hitler's Childhood Struggles in Mein Kampf http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/311 <p>This paper explores the early life of Adolf Hitler as narrated in his autobiography "Mein Kampf," focusing on the formative experiences that shaped his aspirations and ideology. It delves into Hitler's childhood in Austria examining the impact of familial struggles, personal losses, and societal influences on his character. The narrative unfolds through key milestones, such as Hitler's pursuit of art, the rejection from the Academy of Arts, and his descent into poverty in Vienna. The paper emphasises Hitler's evolving worldview fueled by a desire to unite Germany and Austria, and analyses the socio-economic challenges that contributed to his radicalization. Through Hitler's lens, the paper sheds light on the transformative moments that ultimately shaped one of history's most infamous figures</p> Yasar Arabath Dr. A. Mohamed Umar Farook Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-17 2024-04-17 5 1 Trauma Narration in Aravind Adiga’s “The White Tiger” http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/312 <p>Ambivalence is the concurrent occurrence of conflicting feelings about a person or&nbsp; something. The term "ambivalence" was most commonly understood by Freud to refer to the&nbsp; conflict between love and hate, which often took the form of melancholic and obsessional&nbsp; neuroses. This kind of conflicting emotions for someone or something is called ambivalence. In&nbsp; addition to feeling torn about society at large, Ashok Sharma, his master, is also the source of his&nbsp; turmoil in The White Tiger. Through Balram Halwai's persona, Adiga skillfully expresses his&nbsp; mixed emotions. This essay delves further into Balram Halwa's psychological analysis. The&nbsp; psychological ambivalence of Balram Halwai toward his master and Indian society is another&nbsp; factor.</p> M.Yazhini S. Akbar Ali Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-17 2024-04-17 5 1 Exploration of Mystery in Amitav Ghosh’s The Calcutta Chromosome http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/314 <p>This research investigates the intricate interplay of mystery within Ghosh’s novel, <em>The Calcutta Chromosome, </em>analysing its narrative depth, character development, and thematic resonance. Rooted in the etymology of the term “mystery” from ancient Greek to Latin, the paper delves into Ghosh’s adept blending of historical events, cultural complexities, and speculative fiction elements. The study navigates through the Indian literary landscape in English, tracing its evolution from the colonial era to the contemporary period, highlighting pivotal contributions from renowned authors. Focusing on <em>The Calcutta Chromosome, </em>published in 1995, the research uncovers layers of mystery woven into the disappearance of Murugan and the exploration of Sir Ronald Ross’s discovery of malaria transmission. Through the analysis of characters, settings, and narrative techniques, the paper reveals the novel’s thematic richness and its seamless integration of mystery as a narrative device. From the enigmatic character Laakhan to the haunting allure of Phulboni’s past, Ghosh constructs a web of intrigue that captivates readers and invites them into a world where history, science, and imagination converge. This abstract offers a glimpse into the meticulous examination of mystery within Ghosh’s masterful narrative tapestry, shedding light on its enduring narrative significance.</p> Abdul Kalam R Dr. A. Ajmal Khaan Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-18 2024-04-18 5 1 Exploring the Confluence of Post-Truth and Reality: Insights from Dickinson's Poetic Perspective http://jmcjarj.org/index.php/jarj/article/view/315 <p>Literature has always served as a mirror of society, reflecting its struggles, triumphs and complexities. When we survey literature The thin line dividing fact from fiction in the post-truth era may be examined through literature. Narrative techniques are widely employed by writers to challenge readers' conceptions of truth, forcing them to rethink their own perception of the world. In an era of post-truth, where truths are often eclipsed by personal convictions and subjective interpretations, Emily Dickinson’s poems provide a unique lens through which the concept of truth and post-truth could be explored. This paper tries to delve into the realm of post-truth criticism on Dickinson’s poems examining how her perplexing verses challenge and transcend the frontiers of truth in a society plagued by falsehood and distortion. This paper also tries to examine post-truth's literary manifestations, focusing on the perception of reality and obscuring of limits between fact and fiction. Through an assessment of her poem, it is explored how Dickinson has grappled with the challenges posed by societal beliefs, truth and post-truth, and how literature can serve as an effective tool in navigating this complex landscape.</p> Dr. P.J. Sadia Parveen Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2024-04-25 2024-04-25 5 1