Humane Artificial Intelligence In Kazuo Ishiguro’s “Klara And The Sun”


  • S.Shameha Siminaash PG & Research Department of English, Jamal Mohamed College (Autonomous),Tiruchirappalli – 620020
  • S. Saheetha Banu PG & Research Department of English, Jamal Mohamed College (Autonomous),Tiruchirappalli – 620020


Genetic Engineering, Mechanical future, Posthuman humanity, Metamodernism


Science fiction is the genre of modern speculative fiction that deals with techno-scientific  changes and developments in the society where the sources are taken from the real world  scientific innovations. It was introduced by the English novelist Mary Wollstonecraft  Shelley in 1818 that specializes the interconnectedness of literature between science and  technology by exploring the themes of quest for knowledge and fanatical ambition. The  philosophical literary theory of Posthumanism emphasizes the presence of non-human  entities like cyborgs or superhumans or artificial intelligence by describing the condition  of our present and future world with the convergence of humans and technology. Kazuo  Ishiguro focuses the futuristic world by emphasizing how artificially intelligent and solar  powered humanoid provides an exemplary companionship to the genetically modified  children in his captivating novel, “Klara And The Sun”. This thesis critically examines the  humanistic emotions and qualities of AI that is beneficial to the healthcare industry and  how AI appreciate nature more than the humans eventhough they are the product of  industrialized human society. 


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Braidotti,Rosi. The Posthuman. Polity Press. Cambridge. 2013

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Through New Eyes: Artificial Intelligence, Technological Unemployment in Kazuo Ishiguro’s meijal. Dominique Nicholaidis. 2022