Pangs of widowhood in Water by Bapsi Sidhwa


  • Rifa Fathima. M PG & Research Department of English, Jamal Mohamed College (Autonomous),Tiruchirappalli – 620020
  • Mymoona Parveen. K.S PG & Research Department of English, Jamal Mohamed College (Autonomous),Tiruchirappalli – 620020


Gender roles ,Cultural Identity, Survival and Faith and Religion


This paper deals the theme of marginalization, in the novel “Water” by Bapsi Sidhwa, focusing on the difficulty of widows in Indian society during the 1930. The main theme in “Water” is gender-based marginalization. The novel explain about a secluded widows ashram located in Varanasi and they are restricted to their own freedom Sidhwa portrays the widows as victims of imperious control highlight the marginalization due to the gender. Another marginalization explored in the novel is religious and cultural marginalization. This makes the widows to follow the religious practices strictly and it separated them from the society of common people. Sidhwa portrayed the financial dependency of the widows by the visitors of Varanasi. They have no means to make themselves as a independent people. Sidhwa shows the contrast between the widows from poor and rich. In overall this paper presentation explore the themes of gender- based, religious and cultural in Bapsi Sidhwa novel “Water”. 


Next, Bapsi Sidhwa by Krishna Patel on Prezi. “A Novel Water by Bapsi Sidhwa.”,

Prasanna. “Water Summary.” Learn Cram, 7 Oct. 2023, summary/water-summary.