Forbidden indulgence and tragic moment in Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things


  • Byravi P.B Jamal Mohamed College (Autonomous), Tiruchirappalli – 620 020.
  • B. Sumaiya Banu Jamal Mohamed College (Autonomous), Tiruchirappalli – 620 020.


Gender discrimination, marginalization, casteism, class struggle, religion and Indian society


This paper deals with the novel “The God of Small Things” by Arundhati Roy, it was a deeply   reminiscent novel that approach issues of marginalization, gender and sexuality.  Thestory set in Kerala, India it focuses Rahel and Estha, who directs a society that enforces strongly sexual norms and gender roles. Roy portrays masterfully marginalisation character faced by Ammu, she is independent woman excluded for her choices of love. An untouchable discrimination experiences faced by Velutha due to his social status. By their experiences, Roy challenges ruinous consequences of social stratification, rigid gender and societal norms.

         In “The God of Small Things” by Arundhati Roy, the author says a momentous narrative point of view and this novel have emotions and themes of complex. Roy uses first person and third person narration. Roy explores multi experiences of her characters in the novel. And author portrays the political landscape of kerala, in India.

         This novel primarily opens with twins Rahel and Estha, by this we can see their childhood and adulthood. The lives of the traumatic events were shaped in this novel. Roy focuses first person perspective on twins and author allows the readers to connect with their feelings, thoughts and memories. we experience with their innocent voices, with their fears, confusion and the suppressed desires in the gender and sexuality.    


A Brief Study of ‘the God of Small Things”’. International Journal of English Language, Literature and Humanities, vol.2, no.4, ISSN 2321-7065.

“The God of Small Things: Study Guide Sparkle Notes.” Sparkle Notes,

Curtis, Abi. “The God of Small Things Novel, Summary, Arundhati Roy, and Facts.” Encyclopedia Britannica,25 Jan.2024, The-God-of-Small-Things.