Land Endowment of Nawab Muhammad Ali Wallajah in Tiruchirappalli region with special reference to Christian Frederick Schwartz

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Dr.M.Mohamed Tajdeen


Land possessed great value and the gift of land was a marker of status for the ruler.  Land grant were given by the rulers was not only for extend cultivation and agriculture to new areas.  They did land grants in order to carry out elaborate rituals, to establish educational institutions, to construct worship places and thus to win the hearts of their subjects. These land endowments which brought social and cultural harmony in the society. This paper traces the donation of land for the oldest Anglican Christ Church was donated by the Nawab of the Carnatic.

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Holden Furber, ‘Rival Empires of Trade in the Orient, 1600 to 1800’, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 1976, p.154 ­ 155.

H. Munavarajan and T. Shafeeque Ahmed, ‘Sources for the study of Nawab Muhammad Ali Walajahi’, Impact Journals, Vol.4, Issue 7, July 2016, 25 ­ 30, p.25.

Spencer C. Tucker, ‘Wars That Changed History: 50 of the World’s Greatest Conflicts’, ABC ­ CLIO, California, 2015, p.219

N.S. Ramaswami, ‘Political history of Carnatic under the nawabs’, Abhinav Publications, New Delhi, 1984, p. 238.

C.D. Mac Lean, Manual of the Administration of the Madras Presidency, Madras, 1893, Vol. III, p. 352.

S.Sundaraja Iyengar, Land Tenures in the Madras Presidency, Madras , 1916, pp. 92-95.

C.D. Mac Lean, Manual of the Administration of the Madras Presidency, op. cit., pp. 264, 352.

Ibid., p. 354.

V.Karthikeyan, History of Land Revenue Settlements and Abolition of Intermediary Tenures in Tamil Nadu, Madras, 1977, pp.29-30.

G.O No.36, Law (Legislative) 26th January 1923.

A collection of papers relating to the Inam settlements in Madras Presidency, 1948, p. 319.

Abstract of old Records, Hinduistani Purwanahs prior to 1800, Trichnopoly Collector’s Office, S.No. 128,

p. 6.

Ibid., S.NO. 130, p. 6.

Ibid., S.No. 132, p. 6.

Ibid., S.No. 67, p20.

Miscellaneous Records, Vol. II, Statement of Pensions and Yeomiahs, containing Southern division of Arcot,Trichinopoly, Madura and Tinnevely, 1812, p. 4.


H.D Love, Vestige of Old Madras, Vol. III, London, 1913, p.69.

C.D.Mac Lean, Manual of the Administration of the Madras Presidency, Vol. III. Glossary, Madras, 1893, p.1019.

Board of Revenue Report, Trichnopoly District Records, 20-6-1816- Vol. 3656, pp. 557-560.

Total Tax Free land

Board of Revenue: Miscellaneous Records Vol. II, Register of Alienation of lands containing Salem, division of Arcot, Thanjavur, Madurai and Tirunelveli, 1814, pp. 366-367.

Ibid, pp. 366- 367.

Susain Bayly, p. 173.


Robert Eric Frykenberg, ‘The Legacy of Christain Friedrich Schwartz’, International Bulletin of Missionary Research, United States, July 1999, p.131.