Communal Representation A True Means of Political Representation To Muslims -A Review on Congress Ministry of Madras Presidency (1937-1939)

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Dr. S.Z. Niazudeen


Nomination and communal representation to the ruling councils is an interesting subject to be reviewed in terms of its benefits. Though it has been studied as a means of a policy to divide and rule by the British administration, we find muslim participation in legislative councils was possible only by adopting the concept of communal representation. The period of national movement also witnessed a parallel political demand for representation in the legislatures. This article is an attempt to trace the political representation of Muslims in Madras Presidency and a review of Congress Ministry of Madras Presidency (1937-1939).

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Saroja Sundararajan, Madras Presidency in Pre-Gandhian Era A Historical Prespective 1884-1915, Pondhicherry, 1997, p. 490.

Abstracts of the Proceeding of Governor’s Council, Fort St. George, Madras, 1893, p.i.

Ibid., 1898, p.i.

Question and Answer at the meeting of the Council of the Governor of Fort St. George, Vol.1., (1893-1898), Madras, 1896.

Sir. M. Habibullah was involved in local boards politics right from the early stages. In 1895, he was elected Non-Official Honorary Chairman of the Vellore Municipality. Habibullah resigned his practice at the bar on being elected Official Secretary of the municipality in September 1901. He served as Secretary till September 1905 when he was elected Chairman. Habibullah served for 14 years (1905–19) as Chairman of the Vellore municipality.

Madras Legislative Council Proceedings, HXI, August, 1924, p.1.

Madras Legislative Assembly Debates, Vol.VII, (Nos. 1 to 5),

Ibid., September 21, 1937, p. 471.

Ibid., Vol.VII, (Nos. 1 to 5), p. 466.

Ibid., September 23, 1937, p.671.

Ibid., September 21, 1937, p.464.

Ibid., September 16, 1937, p.220.

Ibid., Vol. VII (Nos. 1to 5), September 18, 1937, p. 335.

Ibid., Vol.VII, (Nos. 1 to 5), September 27, 1937, p.923.

Ibid., p.863.

Madras Legislative Assembly Debates (MLAD), August 17, 1938, p.200

Ibid., September 18, 1937, p. 328.

MLAD, September 18, 1937, p.327.

MLAP, Vol. XI, March 23, 1939, p.567

Madras Legislative Assembly Debates, September, 1937.

Ibid., August 17, 1938.

Sarada Soundararajan, op.cit., p.538.

Madras Mail, March 4, 1938.

A.M. Haneef, Muslim League Nurrandu Varalaru, Chennai, 2008, p.275,

Fortnightly Report for the first half of January, 1939, Madras.

Ibid., second half of August, 1939.

Ibid., seocnd half of November, 1939.

As quoted in J.B.P. More, The Political Evolution of Muslims in Tamilnadu and Madras 1930-1947, p. 144.