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The contact of South India with Islam is much older than that of the north. In 639 A.D. the Muslims traders settled in the Malabar coast.1 The Moplahs are the descendants of the Arab merchants and the native women of the western coast. The Muslims of different sects such as Marakkayars, Lebbais and Navayats came from Persia in the eighth century A.D, married the women of the country and settled in India. The Muslims of Coromandel Coast are generally called Chulia or Cholia. The Hindus called them Jonagan or Sonagan. This article is aimed to trace the society and economy of Muslims of Coromandel Coast.
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